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The ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent proteolytic pathway is an attractive target for therapeutics because of its critical involvement in cell cycle progression and antigen presentation. However, dissection of the pathway and development of modulators are hampered by the complexity of the system and the lack of easily detectable authentic substrates. We have(More)
In tumors that retain wild-type p53, its tumor-suppressor function is often impaired as a result of the deregulation of HDM-2, which binds to p53 and targets it for proteasomal degradation. We have screened a chemical library and identified a small molecule named RITA (reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis), which bound to p53 and(More)
Blood lymphocytes from tumor patients were cocultivated with allogeneic lymphocytes (MLC) or autologous tumor cells (ATS), and their cytotoxicity was characterized. The main objective of the study was the lysis of autologous tumor biopsy cells by such effectors. Lymphocytes of patients activated in MLC lysed allogeneic third-party cells and in some cases(More)
Impairment of the ubiquitin/proteasome system has been proposed to play a role in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. Although recent studies confirmed that some disease-related proteins block proteasomal degradation, and despite the existence of excellent animal models of both diseases, in vivo data about the system are(More)
The Gly-Ala repeat (GAr) of the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 is a transferable element that inhibits in cis ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent proteolysis. We have investigated this inhibitory activity by using green fluorescent protein-based reporters that have been targeted for proteolysis by N end rule or ubiquitin-fusion degradation signals,(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with a variety of reported effects including inhibition of monocyte major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-dependent antigen presentation, type 1 helper T cell cytokine production, and inhibition of T cell proliferation. Herein we report the effect of IL-10 pretreatment on antigen presentation to tumor- and(More)
Loss of neurons in neurodegenerative diseases is usually preceded by the accumulation of protein deposits that contain components of the ubiquitin/proteasome system. Affected neurons in Alzheimer's disease often accumulate UBB(+1), a mutant ubiquitin carrying a 19-amino acid C-terminal extension generated by a transcriptional dinucleotide deletion. Here we(More)
We have compared the cell phenotype and functional properties of monocyte/macrophage derived dendritic cells (DCs) obtained by culture of human adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in medium containing granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) either alone (GM-CSF-DCs), or in combination with interleukin (IL)-4 (IL4-DCs) or(More)
Ubiquitination regulates membrane events such as endocytosis, membrane trafficking and endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). Although the involvement of membrane-associated ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes and ligases in these processes is well documented, their regulation by ubiquitin deconjugases is less well understood. By screening a(More)
Ubiquitin specific proteases (USPs) regulate the production and recycling of ubiquitin and are thereby critically involved in the control of cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Increasing evidence implicates deregulation of USPs in malignant transformation but there is very little information on the overall and specific activity of USPs in normal(More)