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The ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent proteolytic pathway is an attractive target for therapeutics because of its critical involvement in cell cycle progression and antigen presentation. However, dissection of the pathway and development of modulators are hampered by the complexity of the system and the lack of easily detectable authentic substrates. We have(More)
Impairment of the ubiquitin/proteasome system has been proposed to play a role in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. Although recent studies confirmed that some disease-related proteins block proteasomal degradation, and despite the existence of excellent animal models of both diseases, in vivo data about the system are(More)
The Gly-Ala repeat (GAr) of the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 is a transferable element that inhibits in cis ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent proteolysis. We have investigated this inhibitory activity by using green fluorescent protein-based reporters that have been targeted for proteolysis by N end rule or ubiquitin-fusion degradation signals,(More)
In tumors that retain wild-type p53, its tumor-suppressor function is often impaired as a result of the deregulation of HDM-2, which binds to p53 and targets it for proteasomal degradation. We have screened a chemical library and identified a small molecule named RITA (reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis), which bound to p53 and(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with a variety of reported effects including inhibition of monocyte major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-dependent antigen presentation, type 1 helper T cell cytokine production, and inhibition of T cell proliferation. Herein we report the effect of IL-10 pretreatment on antigen presentation to tumor- and(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 contains a glycine-alanine repeat that inhibits in cis MHC class I-restricted presentation. We report here that insertion of a minimal glycine-alanine repeat motif in different positions of I kappaB alpha protects this NF-kappaB inhibitor from signal-induced degradation dependent on ubiquitin-proteasome, and(More)
Ubiquitination regulates membrane events such as endocytosis, membrane trafficking and endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). Although the involvement of membrane-associated ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes and ligases in these processes is well documented, their regulation by ubiquitin deconjugases is less well understood. By screening a(More)
We have compared the cell phenotype and functional properties of monocyte/macrophage derived dendritic cells (DCs) obtained by culture of human adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in medium containing granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) either alone (GM-CSF-DCs), or in combination with interleukin (IL)-4 (IL4-DCs) or(More)
Lymphoblastoid cell lines, generated by immortalization of normal B cells by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in vitro, have strong antigen-presenting capacity, are sensitive to EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells, and are highly allostimulatory in mixed lymphocyte culture. By contrast, EBV-positive Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells are poor antigen presenters, are not(More)
Manipulation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is emerging as a common theme in viral pathogenesis. Some viruses have been shown to encode functional homologs of UPS enzymes, suggesting that a systematic identification of these products may provide new insights into virus-host cell interactions. Ubiquitin-specific proteases, collectively known as(More)