Maria G. Beconi

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Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-IV inhibitors are a new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. DPP-IV is a member of a family of serine peptidases that includes quiescent cell proline dipeptidase (QPP), DPP8, and DPP9; DPP-IV is a key regulator of incretin hormones, but the functions of other family members are unknown. To determine the importance of(More)
A novel series of beta-amino amides incorporating fused heterocycles, i.e., triazolopiperazines, were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (2R)-4-Oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine (1) is a potent,(More)
  • Maria G Beconi, Ann Mao, +5 authors Shuet-Hing Lee Chiu
  • Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological…
  • 2003
The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the l-threo isoleucine thiazolidide dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, di-[2S,3S]-2-amino-3-methyl-pentanoic-1,3-thiazolidine fumarate (ILT-threo) and its allo stereoisomer (ILT-allo) were evaluated in rats, dogs, and monkeys. Both compounds were well absorbed (>80%) in all species, and most of the dose (>60%) was(More)
The synthesis, selectivity, rat pharmacokinetic profile, and drug metabolism profiles of a series of potent fluoroolefin-derived DPP-4 inhibitors (4) are reported. A radiolabeled fluoroolefin 33 was shown to possess a high propensity to form reactive metabolites, thus revealing a potential liability for this class of DPP-4 inhibitors.
Ischemia and reperfusion causes severe mitochondrial damage, including swelling and deposits of hydroxyapatite crystals in the mitochondrial matrix. These crystals are indicative of a massive influx of Ca2+ into the mitochondrial matrix occurring during reoxygenation. We have observed that mitochondria isolated from rat hearts after 90 minutes of anoxia(More)
INTRODUCTION Covalent protein binding of metabolically reactive intermediates of drugs has been implicated in drug toxicity including the occurrence of idiosyncratic drug toxicity. Investigators therefore would prefer to avoid developing compounds that produce significant amounts of reactive metabolites. By incubating the radiolabeled drug of interest with(More)
We report a series of irreversible transglutaminase 2 inhibitors starting from a known lysine dipeptide bearing an acrylamide warhead. We established new SARs resulting in compounds demonstrating improved potency and better physical and calculated properties. Transglutaminase selectivity profiling and in vitro ADME properties of selected compounds are also(More)
The pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and excretion of sitagliptin [MK-0431; (2R)-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine], a potent dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, were evaluated in male Sprague-Dawley rats and beagle dogs. The plasma clearance and volume of distribution of(More)
Tissue transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein primarily known for its calcium-dependent enzymatic protein cross-linking activity via isopeptide bond formation between glutamine and lysine residues. TG2 overexpression and activity have been found to be associated with Huntington's disease (HD); specifically, TG2 is up-regulated in the brains(More)
To evaluate the potential of memantine as a therapeutic agent for Huntington's disease (HD) we have undertaken a series of in vitro, ex vivo and whole animal studies to characterize its pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) in rats and mice. Results from these studies will enable determination of memantine exposures needed to engage the related(More)