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PURPOSE Adiponectin (APM1)--a newly discovered adipocytokine secreted by fat tissue--was recently suggested to play a role in the genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance. Adiponectin gene is localized on chromosome 3q27 within the region which was identified as susceptibility locus for type 2 diabetes and metabolic(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are associated with an increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates neuronal differentiation and synaptic plasticity, and its decreased levels are supposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and other disorders. The aim of the current(More)
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in children. T regulatory cells (Tregs) modulate response to autoantigens and probably play a role in pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). The aim of the present study was the assessment of T regulatory cells including their percentages and expression of critical genes in these cells in(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to determine the fungi occurrence rate in the oral cavity of denture wearer patients in comparison to those without dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS The examinations were conducted in patients treated in two clinical departments of the University Hospital. Demographic data and those connected with basic diseases were collected and the(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating body of evidence suggests pathophysiologic links between Alzheimer's disease and diabetes mellitus (DM). For example, the two crucial peptides playing a role in both degenerative disorders, amyloid β (Aβ) and insulin, are metabolized by the same enzyme, insulin degrading enzyme. Euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp is a method of(More)
PURPOSE Determination of bacterial composition in the oral cavity of patients with removable dentures and with own dentition (without dentures). MATERIAL AND METHODS Bacteriological investigations were performed in 55 patients from the department of internal medicine (32 diabetic patients) and 40 patients treated in surgical department (25 patients with(More)
Insulin resistance might be associated with an impaired ability of insulin to stimulate glucose oxidation and inhibit lipid oxidation. Insulin action is also inversely associated with TNF-α system and positively related to adiponectin. The aim of the present study was to analyze the associations between serum adiponectin, soluble TNF-α receptors(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to compare maternal and cord blood levels of betatrophin--a new peptide potentially controlling beta cell growth--as well as in its mRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue and placental tissue obtained from pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and gestational diabetes (GDM). (More)
PURPOSE Assessment of quality of life, especially from the psychological point of view, is likely to be strongly influenced by the degree of acceptance of one's own illness and the resultant negative emotional reactions associated with the illness itself. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between quality of life and the degree(More)
Obesity, influencing the increase of incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular complications and cancer is a growing medical problem worldwide. The feelings of hunger and satiety are stimulated by the "gut-brain axis", where a crucial role is played by gastrointestinal hormones: glucagon-like peptide 1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide,(More)