Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa

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While Yersinia enterocolitica is an important pathogen, which can cause yersiniosis in humans and animals, its epidemiology remains obscure. The pig is the major reservoir of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica of bioserotype 4/O:3, the most common type found in humans. Y. enterocolitica is thought to be a significant food-borne pathogen, although pathogenic(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica is an important food-borne pathogen that can cause yersiniosis in humans and animals. The epidemiology of Y. enterocolitica infections is complex and remains poorly understood. Most cases of yersiniosis occur sporadically without an apparent source. The main sources of human infection are assumed to be pork and pork products, as pigs(More)
One hundred fifty-three wild boars shot in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland, were studied for the occurrence of foodborne pathogens. Tonsils and fecal samples of the animals were examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay, and cultural methods. The detection rate of Salmonella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica,(More)
Prevalence and contamination routes of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica were studied in Southern Germany. Tonsil and faeces samples of 50 fattening pigs, 140 offal samples and 120 minced meat samples were examined. Pig and offal samples were collected from a slaughterhouse approved by the European Union, and minced meat samples from two large meat(More)
A combined culture and PCR method for detection of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in food (NMKL-163A) was evaluated by testing samples of artificially and naturally contaminated pork. The performance of the pre-PCR sample treatment, buoyant density centrifugation, was first compared with two commercially available methods (DNeasy tissue kit and(More)
Human yersiniosis is the third most common enteric disease after campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis in many European countries. However, epidemiological data on the prevalence of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in animals and humans is insufficient. Pigs are assumed to be the main reservoir of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica because pig is so far the only(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica is the most common species causing enteric yersiniosis, which is still the third most frequently reported foodborne gastroenteritis in Europe. Y. enterocolitica generally causes sporadic human infections, and outbreaks are rare. The most important infection source of yersiniosis is believed to be contaminated pork and pork products.(More)
Occurrence of Yersinia spp. in wild ruminants was studied and the strains were characterized to get more information on the epidemiology of enteropathogenic Yersinia in the wildlife. In total, faecal samples of 77 red deer, 60 chamois, 55 roe deer and 27 alpine ibex were collected during 3 months of the hunting season in 2011. The most frequently identified(More)
Between October 2007 and March 2008, 153 wild boars shot in the Canton of Geneva in Switzerland were sampled. Fifty-one percent of the animals were males and 49% were females. The age of most (81%) animals varied between 6months and 2years. Prevalence of enteropathogenic Yersinia in tonsils and faeces was studied using culture and PCR methods and in tissue(More)
Tonsils of 457 fattening pigs from Estonia (n = 151), Latvia (n = 109), and the Leningrad Region of Russia (n = 197) were collected between 2004 and 2007 to study the prevalence of enteropathogenic Yersinia in slaughter pigs. Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis were isolated by selective and cold enrichment. Pathogenic Y. enterocolitica(More)