Maria Franco Trindade Medeiros

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Wade Davis's study of Haitian "zombification" in the 1980s was a landmark in ethnobiological research. His research was an attempt to trace the origins of reports of "undead" Haitians, focusing on the preparation of the zombification poison. Starting with this influential ethnopharmacological research, this study examines advances in the pharmacology of(More)
BACKGROUND Data from an ethnobotanical study were analyzed to see if they were in agreement with the biochemical basis of the apparency hypothesis based on an analysis of a pharmacopeia in a rural community adjacent to the Araripe National Forest (Floresta Nacional do Araripe - FLONA) in northeastern Brazil. The apparency hypothesis considers two groups of(More)
1 Biology Department, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Rua DomManoel de Medeiros, Recife, PE, Brazil 2 Laboratory of Comparative Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA 3 Campus Cuité, Centro de Educação e Saúde (CES), Unidade de Educação (UAE), Curso de Ciências Biológicas,(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The health of nineteenth century Brazilians is only alluded to in historical documents, and researchers still have much to discover. AIM OF THE STUDY This study aims to show the medicinal plants used in the 19th century in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS To this end, information was obtained from the prescription book(More)
1 Laboratory of Applied Ethnobotany, Department of Biology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, 52171-900 Recife, PE, Brazil 2 Laboratory of Comparative Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurobiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA 3Ethnozoology, Conservation and Biodiversity Research Group, Department of Biology, State(More)
BACKGROUND We propose a new quantitative measure that enables the researcher to make decisions and test hypotheses about the distribution of knowledge in a community and estimate the richness and sharing of information among informants. In our study, this measure has two levels of analysis: intracultural and intrafamily. METHODS Using data collected in(More)
Given the high importance of historical documental sources to better understand the dynamics of current pharmacopoeias, this work investigated the prescription book of the hospital of São Bento Monastery in Olinda (Northeastern Brazil) written by the physician Joaquim Jerônimo Serpa for the years of 1823 and 1824. The main aims of the work were to identify(More)
The use of food medicines is a widespread practice worldwide. In Brazil, such use is often associated with wild animals, mostly focusing on vertebrate species. Here we assessed taxonomic and ecological trends in traditional uses of wild edible vertebrates in the country, through an extensive ethnobiological database analysis. Our results showed that at(More)
BACKGROUND This article reports historical ethnobotany research conducted from a study of the work Historia Naturalis Brasiliae (Natural History of Brazil), authored by Piso and Marcgrave and published in 1648, with main focus on Caatinga of northeast region of Brazil. METHODS Focusing the content analysis on the section dedicated to plant species with(More)
This study assessed the intracultural knowledge of the use of medicinal plants in an urban-rural community in an Atlantic forest fragment in northeastern Brazil. We examined the importance of native and exotic species and the effects of gender and age on that knowledge. We also compared data obtained from different groups of informants (local experts and(More)
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