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CONTEXT Outcomes from intensive glycemic control postrenal transplant have not been studied. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to observe the optimal management of hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance receiving renal transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS We conducted a randomized controlled trial with patients(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that compared to standard glycemic control [blood glucose (BG): 70-180 mg/dL], patients randomized to intensive glycemic control (BG: 70-110 mg/dL) were at increased risk of graft rejection in renal transplantation. However, the underlying mechanisms that associate the effect of intensive glycemic control with renal(More)
Passive immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is important to prevent recurrence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for chronic HBV cirrhosis. With availability of lamivudine (3TC), the use of combination prophylaxis with long-term HBIG/3TC has been shown to prevent short-term HBV recurrence. This(More)
BACKGROUND Calcineurin inhibitors are associated with adverse events, including nephrotoxicity and diabetes that might reduce the benefits of long-term graft survival. We report our experience in converting kidney (K), kidney-pancreas (KP), pancreas (P), and (L) recipients from a calcineurin inhibitor/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)/prednisone dose-induced(More)
INTRODUCTION This study examines the efficacy and toxicity of sirolimus used as primary immunosuppression in combination with reduced dose tacrolimus (calcineurin inhibitor [CI]-sparing regimen) or mycophenolate mofetil (CI-free regimen) in high-risk cadaveric renal transplantation. METHODS Seventy subjects were treated in a quadruple sequential protocol(More)
PURPOSE To report the incidence and clinical characteristics of polyomavirus (PV) nephritis in kidney (KTX) and kidney-pancreas transplant (KPTX) recipients. METHODS Single center retrospective analysis of all cases of PV nephritis in KTX and KPTX patients transplanted between 1994 and 1999. RESULTS Thirteen (5 KTX and 8 KPTX) patients (2.1%) had PV(More)
BACKGROUND Between July 1, 1994 and December 1, 1998, 147 simultaneous kidney/pancreas transplantations were performed at our center. Of 95 patients who experienced at least one acute renal allograft rejection episode after transplantation, 7 (7.4%) developed rejection in the presence of stable and normal or near-normal renal function. METHODS The(More)
Human ehrlichioses are tick-borne infections caused by bacteria in the genus Ehrlichia of the family Rickettsiaceae. To date there have been three cases of ehrlichiosis reported in the transplant population, a human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) infection in a liver transplant recipient and two cases of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) in kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Balancing the risk of acute rejection (AR) with drug-induced toxicities complicates the selection of the optimal immunosuppressive regimen, especially in the high-risk renal transplant recipient. This study was designed to determine the optimal dosage combinations of tacrolimus and sirolimus in a high-risk cadaveric renal transplant population.(More)
In patients with enteric drainage of pancreas transplants, urinary amylase cannot be used as a marker of rejection. Since most of the patients in our center have enteric drainage, the aim of this study was to evaluate serum lipase as a potential marker for rejection. From July 1994 to March 1997, 100 patients underwent pancreas transplantation with enteric(More)