Maria Ester Bernardo

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In addition to their stem/progenitor properties, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) possess broad immunoregulatory properties that are being investigated for potential clinical application in treating immune-based disorders. An informed view of the scope of this clinical potential will require a clear understanding of the dynamic interplay between MSCs and(More)
There is great interest in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) for cell-therapy and tissue engineering approaches. MSCs are currently expanded in vitro in the presence of fetal calf serum (FCS); however, FCS raises concerns when used in clinical grade preparations. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MSCs expanded in medium supplemented with(More)
Haploidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with an increased risk of graft failure. Adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to support in vivo normal hematopoiesis and to display potent immune suppressive effects. We cotransplanted donor MSCs in 14 children undergoing transplantation of(More)
Significant improvement in the understanding of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) biology has opened the way to their clinical use. However, concerns regarding the possibility that MSCs undergo malignant transformation have been raised. We investigated the susceptibility to transformation of human bone marrow (BM)-derived MSCs at different in vitro culture time(More)
OBJECTIVE External fistulas represent a disabling manifestation of Crohn's disease with a difficult curability and a high relapse rate despite a large therapeutic armamentarium. Stem cell therapy is a novel and promising approach for treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions. We therefore investigated the feasibility, safety and efficacy of serial(More)
We hypothesized that transplacental leukocyte trafficking during pregnancy, which induces long-term, stable, reciprocal microchimerism in mother and child, might influence outcome of patients with acute leukemia given parental donor haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We analyzed the outcome of 118 patients who received(More)
We analyzed 21 children with leukemia receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) from killer immunoglobulin (Ig)-like receptors (KIR) ligand-mismatched donors. We showed that, in most transplantation patients, variable proportions of donor-derived alloreactive natural killer (NK) cells displaying anti-leukemia activity(More)
The treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is still unsatisfactory. We conducted a prospective trial to evaluate the impact of routine EBV surveillance and preemptive treatment with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab on the development of(More)
When compared with BMT, umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) is associated with a lower rate of engraftment and delayed hematological/immunological recovery. This leads to increased risk of TRM in the early post transplantation period due to infection. Acute GVHD, although occurring less frequently in UCBT compared with BMT, is also significantly(More)
The safety and efficacy of a preparation with treosulfan/thiotepa/fludarabine were explored in 20 thalassaemia patients given allogeneic marrow transplantation. Seventeen patients were transplanted from unrelated donors after receiving anti-thymocyte globulin. The regimen was well tolerated. Two patients experienced secondary graft failure; one died of(More)