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Blast exposure is associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), neuropsychiatric symptoms, and long-term cognitive disability. We examined a case series of postmortem brains from U.S. military veterans exposed to blast and/or concussive injury. We found evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a tau protein-linked neurodegenerative disease, that(More)
BACKGROUND Pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease include cerebral beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition, amyloid accumulation, and neuritic plaque formation. We aimed to investigate the hypothesis that molecular pathological findings associated with Alzheimer's disease overlap in the lens and brain. METHODS We obtained postmortem specimens of eyes and(More)
Down syndrome (DS, trisomy 21) is the most common chromosomal disorder and the leading genetic cause of intellectual disability in humans. In DS, triplication of chromosome 21 invariably includes the APP gene (21q21) encoding the Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid precursor protein (APP). Triplication of the APP gene accelerates APP expression leading to(More)
Down syndrome (DS, trisomy 21) is the most common chromosomal disorder and the leading genetic cause of intellectual disability in humans. In DS, triplication of chromosome 21 invariably includes the APP gene (21q21) encoding the Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid precursor protein (APP). Triplication of the APP gene accelerates APP expression leading to(More)
Comparative studies have shown that alterations in physiology, morphology and behaviour have arisen due to the domestication. A driving factor behind many of the changes could be a shift in stress responses, with modified endocrine and behavioural profiles. In the present study we compared two breeds of chicken (Gallus gallus), the domestic White Leghorn(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to examine children with previous manifest neuroborreliosis and concommitant facial palsy to see whether there were any persisting symptoms and/or signs of persistent residual facial palsy. STUDY DESIGN Open, controlled prospective study. SETTING Tertiary referral center (University Hospital). PATIENTS The(More)
The effects of partial D2 dopamine (DA) receptor agonists on the behavioural activation produced by 1.5 and 8.0 mg/kg d-amphetamine were compared with the changes produced by the classical DA antagonist haloperidol. Alterations in behaviour were assessed in standard activity monitoring cages by direct observation of the rats using a rapid time sampling(More)
Stress in animals causes not only immediate reactions, but may affect their biology for long periods, even across generations. Particular interest has been paid to perinatal stress, but also adolescence has been shown to be a sensitive period in mammals. So far, no systematic study has been performed of the relative importance of stress encountered during(More)
OBJECTIVE It is unknown into what extent patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) utilise a joint service number (Swedish Healthcare Direct, SHD) as first medical contact (FMC) instead of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and how this impact time to diagnosis. We aimed to (1) describe patients' FMC; (2) find explanatory factors influencing(More)
Domestication is thought to increase stress tolerance. The connection between stressor exposure, glucocorticoids and behavioural responses has been studied in adults, where domestication effects are evident. Early stress exposure may induce detrimental effects both in short-and long term. Previous research has reported a lack of glucocorticoid response in(More)