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Blast exposure is associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), neuropsychiatric symptoms, and long-term cognitive disability. We examined a case series of postmortem brains from U.S. military veterans exposed to blast and/or concussive injury. We found evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a tau protein-linked neurodegenerative disease, that(More)
Vaccinia virus, the prototype of the Poxviridae, is a large DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of the host cell. The assembly pathway of vaccinia virus displays several unique features, such as the production of two structurally distinct, infectious forms. One of these, termed intracellular naked virus (INV), remains cells associated while the(More)
Eps15, a phosphorylation substrate of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor kinase, has been shown to bind to the alpha-subunit of the clathrin-associated protein complex AP-2. Here we report that in cells, virtually all Eps15 interacts with the cytosol and membrane-bound forms of AP-2. This association is not affected by the treatment of cells with(More)
The carboxyl-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL), or a closely-related sequence, is important for ER localization of both lumenal as well as type II membrane proteins. This sequence functions as a retrieval signal at post-ER compartment(s), but the exact compartment(s) where the retrieval occurs remains unresolved. With an affinity-purified antibody against the(More)
During the assembly of vaccinia virus, the intracellular mature virus becomes enwrapped by a cellular cisterna to form the intracellular enveloped virus (IEV), the precursor of the extracellular enveloped virus (EEV). In this study, we have characterized the origin of this wrapping cisterna by electron microscopic immunocytochemistry using lectins,(More)
Mouse hepatitis coronavirus (MHV) buds into pleomorphic membrane structures with features expected of the intermediate compartment between the ER and the Golgi complex. Here, we characterize the MHV budding compartment in more detail in mouse L cells using streptolysin O (SLO) permeabilization which allowed us to better visualize the membrane structures at(More)
Polycystin, the product of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) 1 gene (PKD1) is the cardinal member of a novel class of proteins. As a first step towards elucidating the function of polycystin and the pathogenesis of ADPKD, three types of information were collected in the current study: the subcellular localization of polycystin, the(More)
Dermatomyositis has been modeled as an autoimmune disease largely mediated by the adaptive immune system, including a local humorally mediated response with B and T helper cell muscle infiltration, antibody and complement-mediated injury of capillaries, and perifascicular atrophy of muscle fibers caused by ischemia. To further understand the pathophysiology(More)
Owing to the lack of appropriate markers the structural organization of the ER-to-Golgi pathway and the dynamics of its membrane elements have been elusive. To elucidate this organization we have taken a monoclonal antibody (mAb) approach. A mAb against a novel 63 kDa membrane protein (p63) was produced that identifies a large tubular network of smooth(More)