Maria Elisabete V Costa

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Hypothalamic injury causes female sexual precocity by activating luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons, which control sexual development. Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) has been implicated in this process, but its involvement in normal sexual maturation is unknown. The present study addresses this issue. TGF-alpha mRNA and(More)
Studies in female rats have shown that transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) stimulates release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), the neuropeptide controlling sexual maturation, and that expression of the TGF alpha gene in the hypothalamus increases during both the initiation of normal puberty and after hypothalamic lesions that induce(More)
Activation of erbB-1 receptors by glial TGFalpha has been shown to be a component of the developmental program by which the neuroendocrine brain controls mammalian sexual development. The participation of other members of the erbB family may be required, however, for full signaling capacity. Here, we show that activation of astrocytic erbB-2/erbB-4(More)
Recent findings have led to the concept that transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) contributes to the neuroendocrine regulation of female puberty by stimulating the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), the neurohormone controlling sexual development. It was postulated that this effect is mediated by epidermal growth factor(More)
TTF-1 is a member of the Nkx family of homeodomain genes required for morphogenesis of the hypothalamus. Whether TTF-1, or other Nkx genes, contributes to regulating differentiated hypothalamic functions is not known. We now report that postnatal hypothalamic TTF-1 expression is developmentally regulated and associated with the neuroendocrine process of(More)
The first measurement of the charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair ffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi s NN p ¼ 2:76 TeV is presented. For an event sample corresponding to the most central 5% of the hadronic cross section, the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles at(More)
It has been suggested that in the rat, 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol (3 alpha-diol) is physiologically involved in restraining the onset of female puberty. To test this hypothesis several experiments were performed. In normal rats, serum levels of 3 alpha-diol decline slightly during the initial phases of puberty and then sharply several hours(More)
Activation of LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) secretion, essential for the initiation of puberty, is brought about by the interaction of neurotransmitters and astroglia-derived substances. One of these substances, transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha), has been implicated as a facilitatory component of the glia-to-neuron signaling process controlling the(More)
A single injection of estradiol valerate induces a form of cystic ovary resembling some aspects of the human polycystic ovarian syndrome. Preceding the development of follicular cysts, there is an increase in intraovarian synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) and the low affinity NGF receptor (p75 NGFR). Selective blockade of NGF actions and p75 NGFR(More)
Several members of the neurotrophin (NT) family, including nerve growth factor (NGF), NT-3, and NT-4/5, are expressed in the mammalian ovary. As their respective receptor tyrosine kinases are also found in the gland, the possibility exists that NTs act directly on the gonads to exert effects unrelated to their support of the ovarian innervation. We now(More)