Maria Elena Remoli

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Fine regulation of the innate immune response following brain injury or infection is important to avoid excessive activation of microglia and its detrimental consequences on neural cell viability and function. To get insights on the molecular networks regulating microglia activation, we analyzed expression, regulation and functional relevance of tumor(More)
As a result of their close association with the blood-brain barrier, astrocytes play an important role in regulating the homing of different leukocyte subsets to the inflamed central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we investigated whether human astrocytes produce chemokines that promote the migration of myeloid dendritic cells (DCs). By reverse(More)
The roles of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and their response to interferon (IFN)-beta therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are poorly understood. We identified pDC accumulation in white matter lesions and leptomeninges of MS brains and abundant expression of the Type I IFN-induced protein MxA, mainly in perivascular CD3+ lymphocytes in(More)
Type I IFN regulates different aspects of the immune response, inducing a cell-mediated immunity. We have recently shown that the infection of dendritic cells (DC) with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) induces IFN-alpha. In this work we have monitored a rapid induction of IFN-beta followed by the delayed production of the IFN-alpha1 and/or -alpha13(More)
Knowledge of the molecular events regulating the innate response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is critical for understanding immunological pathogenesis and protection from tuberculosis. To this aim, the regulation and the expression of regulatory and proinflammatory cytokines were investigated in human primary monocytes upon Mtb infection. We found(More)
We investigated the susceptibility of an Italian population of Culex pipiens mosquitoes to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, tested in parallel with Aedes aegypti, as a positive control. We analysed mosquitoes at 0, 3, 7, 10, 14, 20 and 24 days after an infectious blood meal. Viral RNA was detected in the body of Cx. pipiens up to three days post-infection, but(More)
Toscana virus is an emerging sandfly-borne bunyavirus in Mediterranean Europe responsible for neurological diseases in humans. It accounts for about 80% of paediatric meningitis cases during the summer. Despite the important impact of Toscana virus infection-associated disease on human health, currently approved vaccines or effective antiviral treatments(More)
Several viruses have been recently isolated from Mediterranean phlebotomine sand flies; some are known to cause human disease while some are new to science. To monitor the Phlebotomus-borne viruses spreading, field studies are in progress using different sand fly collection and storage methods. Two main sampling techniques consist of CDC light traps, an(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) is a vector-borne disease responsible for causing epidemics in many areas of the world. The virus is maintained in nature by an enzootic bird-mosquito-bird cycle and occasionally transmitted to other hosts, such as equines and humans. Culex species, in particular the ubiquitous species Culex pipiens is thought to play a major vector(More)