Maria Ekström

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The nucleoprotein (NP) and matrix protein (M1) are the most abundant structural proteins of influenza A virus. M1 forms a protein layer beneath the viral envelope and NP constitutes the protein backbone of the ribonucleoproteins (RNPs). In order to elucidate the functions of these proteins in virus assembly we have expressed NP and M1 in BHK-21 cells using(More)
The spikes of alphaviruses are composed of three copies of an E2-E1 heterodimer. The E1 protein possesses membrane fusion activity, and the E2 protein, or its precursor form, p62 (sometimes called PE2), controls this function. Both proteins are, together with the viral capsid protein, translated from a common C-p62-E1 coding unit. In an earlier study, we(More)
The membrane fusion activity of murine leukaemia virus Env is carried by the transmembrane (TM) and controlled by the peripheral (SU) subunit. We show here that all Env subunits of the virus form disulphide-linked SU-TM complexes that can be disrupted by treatment with NP-40, heat or urea, or by Ca(2+) depletion. Thiol mapping indicated that these(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-1) Env carries a typical disulfide isomerization motif, C(225)XXC, in the C-terminal domain SU. Here we have tested whether this motif is used for isomerization of the intersubunit disulfide of Env and whether this rearrangement is required for membrane fusion. We introduced the C225A and C228A mutations into Env and found(More)
The activity of the membrane fusion protein Env of Moloney mouse leukaemia virus is controlled by isomerization of the disulphide that couples its transmembrane (TM) and surface (SU) subunits. We have arrested Env activation at a stage prior to isomerization by alkylating the active thiol in SU and compared the structure of isomerization-arrested Env with(More)
In this work we have studied the intracellular localization properties of the Gag and Env proteins of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MLV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rat. These neurons form thick bundles of axons, which facilitates protein localization studies by immunofluorescence analyses. When such(More)
Semliki Forest virus, SFV, directs the synthesis of two membrane proteins, p62 and E1, which form a p62E1 heterodimer in the endoplasmic reticulum. After being transported to the plasma membrane (PM), they are incorporated into the virus membrane during the process of virus budding. Electronmicroscopic analyses of the envelope in matured virus show that the(More)
The surface (SU) and transmembrane (TM) subunits of Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MLV) Env are disulfide linked. The linking cysteine in SU is part of a conserved CXXC motif in which the other cysteine carries a free thiol. Recently, we showed that receptor binding activates its free thiol to isomerize the intersubunit disulfide bond into a disulfide(More)
The membrane fusion function of murine leukemia virus (MLV) is carried by the Env protein. This protein is composed of three SU-TM subunit complexes. The fusion activity is loaded into the transmembrane TM subunit and controlled by the peripheral, receptor-binding SU subunit. It is assumed that TM adopts a metastable conformation in the native Env and that(More)
A central feature of the prevailing model for retrovirus fusion is conversion of the transmembrane (TM) subunit from a prehairpin to a hairpin-like structure. The fusion inhibition of many retroviruses, except murine leukemia virus (MLV), with peptides corresponding to interacting regions in the hairpin supports the model. MLV fusion is controlled by(More)