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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is frequently accompanied by visual symptoms including those related to retinal disorders. Since they may be a consequence of an autoimmune reaction, we examined whether sera of patients with diagnosed MS and changes in visual-evoked potentials contain antibodies against retinal antigens (retAgs). Immunoblot analysis revealed that MS(More)
Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome usually associated with small-cell lung carcinoma and serum autoantibodies against recoverin. We report the breast cancer woman with visual impairments and electrophysiological abnormalities characteristic of CAR. Her serum contained high-titer antibodies against α-enolase but not against(More)
PURPOSE Functional and morphological evaluation of the optic nerve heads in patients suffering from migraine. MATERIAL AND METHODS 21 patients--13 women and 8 men (mean age 40 +/- 10) with neurologically confirmed diagnosis of common and classic migraine were examined. The headache history was obtained by standard questions. The patients suffered from(More)
Obesity remains an important risk factor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, it has been observed that increased body fat and body mass index predicted longer survival after the occurrence of a cardiovascular event. This observation has been named the obesity paradox. Initially, the term obesity paradox referred to the observation of(More)
Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome resulting in progressive loss of vision and clinical signs of retinal degeneration. It is associated with various types of cancer and is also considered to be an autoimmune disorder that involves cross-reaction between autoantibodies and retinal proteins. The aim of this study was(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyse retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (pVEPs) and relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) changes in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with the consideration of past optic neuritis (ON). METHODS Ophthalmological, neurological, OCT, RNFL and pVEP studies were conducted in(More)
Diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is based on clinical criteria and electrophysiological tests (electromyography, and transcranial magnetic stimulation). In the search for ALS biomarkers, the role of imaging procedures is currently emphasized, especially modern MR techniques. MR procedures were performed on 15 ALS patients and a sex- and(More)
PURPOSE To estimate central visual field (30 degrees) of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (SM). SM was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS There was no posterior optic neuritis in the history of the disease. The visual acuity of examined the 28 eyes was 1,0. The results of static perimetry were analysed by regression(More)
36 workers exposed to mercury vapour intoxication were examined to estimate the abnormalities in peripheral nervous system. 18 workers showed on physical examination features of polyneuropathy and in this group 15 workers had on emg examination sensory polyneuropathy. Statistical analysis was performed to show correlations between polyneuropathy on emg and(More)