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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyse retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (pVEPs) and relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) changes in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with the consideration of past optic neuritis (ON). METHODS Ophthalmological, neurological, OCT, RNFL and pVEP studies were conducted in(More)
INTRODUCTION Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome resulting in progressive loss of vision and clinical signs of retinal degeneration. It is associated with various types of cancer and is also considered to be an autoimmune disorder that involves cross-reaction between autoantibodies and retinal proteins. The aim of(More)
Diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is based on clinical criteria and electrophysiological tests (electromyography, and transcranial magnetic stimulation). In the search for ALS biomarkers, the role of imaging procedures is currently emphasized, especially modern MR techniques. MR procedures were performed on 15 ALS patients and a sex- and(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral lesion due to different neurological conditions could be complicated by autonomic dysfunction, reported in the literature as a sympathetic hyperactivity. The mechanisms of dysautonomia still remains partial. The aim of the study was to assess the profile of autonomic dysfunction in patient with primary brain tumors, with attempt to(More)
INTRODUCTION Systemic malignant diseases cause the induction of autoimmunity, for example, paraneoplastic syndromes. There are no proofs of paraneoplastic syndromes in primary brain tumors. The aim of the study was to evaluate the involvement of the peripheral nervous system, together with an assessment of onconeuronal and antineural antibodies as(More)
BACKGROUND Miller-Fisher Syndrome (MFS) is a rare acute polyneuropathy composed of the clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia, with a monophasic, self-limited course and spontaneous improvement. CASE REPORT The authors present a 65-year-old man with Miller-Fisher syndrome consisting of bilateral ophthalmoplegia, trigeminal and facial(More)
Cranial nerve palsy, most commonly trigeminal, abducens, or facial, caused by compression of an ectatic or elongated intracranial artery is a well-known phenomenon. Symptoms of brain stem compression by an abnormal artery have rarely been reported (Tomasello et al. Neurosurgery 56(suppl 1):117-124, 2005). The authors present a 59-year-old woman with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome the episodes of upper airway obstruction lead to hypoxemia during sleep. The aim of the study was to establish the influence of sleep hypoxemia on the function of the visual tract in OSA patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS The latency and amplitude of wave P100 of visual evoked(More)