Maria Egle De Stefano

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We have produced a polyclonal antibody that specifically recognizes cGMP-binding cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5). The antibody was raised in rabbit using as immunogen a fusion protein, in which glutathione S-transferase was coupled to a 171 amino acid polypeptide of the N-terminal region of bovine PDE5. The antibody is able to immunoprecipitate PDE5(More)
Ciliary and choroid neurons of the avian ciliary ganglion innervate different targets in the eye bulb. By light microscopic immunocytochemistry, somatostatin (SOM) has been localized to a subset of ganglionic neurons believed to be, for the most part, choroid neurons. Although several studies have been published on the physiology, afferent and efferent(More)
AIMS Mice and nonhuman primates administered with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) represent elective experimental models of Parkinsonism, in which degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway is associated with prominent neuroinflammation, characterized by activated microglia and astrocytes in both substantia nigra (SN) and(More)
The amygdala is a brain structure considered a key node for the regulation of neuroendocrine stress response. Stress-induced response in amygdala is accomplished through neurotransmitter activation and an alteration of gene expression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression in the nervous system and are very well suited effectors of(More)
We have previously shown that intraganglionic synapse disassembly consequent on superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neuron axotomy was preceded by the loss of the dystroglycan beta subunit (beta-DG) localized at the postsynaptic specializations. Because DG, a transmembrane molecular complex bridging the extracellular matrix to the cortical cytoskeleton, could(More)
The distribution of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors was investigated by immuno-light and electron microscopy in the chick dorsal root ganglion during embryonic development (E12 and E18) and after hatching. The monoclonal antibody we used recognizes the acetylcholine binding site shared by all five muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes. At E12, light(More)
The vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) is a transmembrane protein required, in cholinergic neurons, for selective storage of acetylcholine into synaptic vesicles. Although dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons utilize neuropeptides and amino acids for neurotransmission, we have previously demonstrated the presence of a cholinergic system. To(More)
Our previous data suggested that in mouse sympathetic superior cervical ganglion (SCG) the dystrophin-dystroglycan complex may be involved in the stabilization of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) clusters. Here we used SCG of dystrophic mdx mice, which express only the shorter isoforms of dystrophin (Dys), to investigate whether the lack of the(More)
The brain needs mechanisms able to correlate plastic changes with local circuit activity and internal functional states. At the cerebellum input stage, uncontrolled induction of long-term potentiation or depression (LTP or LTD) between mossy fibres and granule cells can saturate synaptic capacity and impair cerebellar functioning, which suggests that(More)
The endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) has many neurovascular activities. However, it is not yet clear how AEA can be metabolized at the neurovascular interface, and how it can move through the vascular and the cerebral compartments. The results reported in this article show that isolated bovine brain microvessels, an ex vivo model of the blood-brain barrier,(More)