Learn More
Signal peptides are essential N-terminal extensions in export proteins, and have a positively charged N-terminus, a hydrophobic central core, and a C-terminal cleavage region. They interact in a consecutive manner with different accessory proteins during the secretion process. Potential patterns or periodicity in the amino acid (aa) sequence were searched,(More)
In membranes of Acholeplasma laidlawii two consecutively acting glucosyltransferases, the (i) alpha-monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDAG) synthase (alMGS) (EC ) and the (ii) alpha-diglucosyl-DAG (DGlcDAG) synthase (alDGS) (EC ), are involved in maintaining (i) a certain anionic lipid surface charge density and (ii) constant nonbilayer/bilayer conditions(More)
Glycosyltransferases (GTs) are among the largest groups of enzymes found and are usually classified on the basis of sequence comparisons into many families of varying similarity (CAZy systematics). Only two different Rossman-like folds have been detected (GT-A and GT-B) within the small number of established crystal structures. A third uncharacterized fold(More)
Synthesis of the nonbilayer-prone alpha-monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDAG) is crucial for bilayer packing properties and the lipid surface charge density in the membrane of Acholeplasma laidlawii. The gene for the responsible, membrane-bound glucosyltransferase (alMGS) (EC ) was sequenced and functionally cloned in Escherichia coli, yielding MGlcDAG in(More)
Cyanobacteria have a cell envelope consisting of a plasma membrane, a periplasmic space with a peptidoglycan layer, and an outer membrane. A third, separate membrane system, the intracellular thylakoid membranes, is the site for both photosynthesis and respiration. All membranes and luminal spaces have unique protein compositions, which impose an intriguing(More)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale is a recently described gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium associated with respiratory tract infections in poultry. In order to determine the molecular epidemiology of this bacterium, we characterized 55 O. rhinotracheale isolates from eight countries on four continents by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), repetitive(More)
  • 1