Learn More
Crocidolite asbestos elicits oxidative stress and cell proliferation, but the signaling cascades linked to these outcomes are unclear. To determine the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in asbestos-induced cell signaling, we evaluated the effects of crocidolite asbestos, EGF and H2O2, on MAPK activation in murine lung epithelial cells (C10(More)
Only a fraction of subjects exposed to asbestos develop malignant mesothelioma (MM), suggesting that additional factors may render some individuals more susceptible. We tested the hypothesis that asbestos and Simian virus (SV40) are cocarcinogens. Asbestos and SV40 in combination had a costimulatory effect in inducing ERK1/2 phosphorylation and activator(More)
Malignant mesotheliomas (MMs) are very aggressive tumors that respond poorly to standard chemotherapeutic approaches. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway has been implicated in tumor aggressiveness, in part by mediating cell survival and reducing sensitivity to chemotherapy. Using antibodies recognizing the phosphorylated/activated form of(More)
Signaling pathways initiated at the external cell surface or within the cytoplasm regulate transactivation of transcription factors and gene expression that are causally related to a number of critical cellular outcomes including proliferation, apoptosis, cell survival, and production of inflammatory cytokines. Asbestos, a ubiquitous pathogenic group of(More)
The inhibition of a cocktail of 18 strains of Listeria monocytogenes by 24 mono-, di- and tri-substituted benzoic and cinnamic acids and 16 benzaldehydes was evaluated using the concentration (C) required to give a 50% growth inhibition under anaerobic conditions at 35 degree C and pH 6.2 as a measure of biological activity (BAV). Using the method of least(More)
Lung cancers, malignant mesotheliomas (MM), and fibrosis are devastating diseases with limited treatment strategies, in part due to poorly-effective drug delivery to affected areas of lung. We hypothesized that acid-prepared mesoporous spheres (APMS) (1-2 microm diameter, 40 A pore size) might be effective vehicles for pulmonary chemotherapeutic drug(More)
Malignant mesotheliomas (MM) are neoplasms arising from mesothelial cells that line the body cavities, most commonly the pleural and peritoneal cavities. Although traditionally recognized as associated with occupational asbestos exposures, MMs can appear in individuals with no documented exposures to asbestos fibers, and emerging data suggest that genetic(More)
To elucidate genes important in development or repair of asbestos-induced lung diseases, gene expression was examined in mice after inhalation of chrysotile asbestos for 3, 9, and 40 days. We identified changes in the expression of genes linked to proliferation (cyclin B2, CDC20, and CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 2), inflammation (CCL9, CCL6,(More)
Malignant mesothelioma is a cancer with poor prognosis associated with exposures to asbestos. The mechanisms of asbestos-induced mesotheliomas are unclear, and studies are required to find diagnostic tools and therapies to improve the survival rates of patients. After oligonucleotide microarray analysis (Affymetrix array) of normal rat pleural mesothelial(More)
Silencing of Fra-1, a component of the dimeric transcription factor, activator protein-1 (AP-1), inhibits mRNA expression of c-met and cd44 in rat mesothelioma cells and is causally linked to maintenance of the transformed phenotype. However, the mechanisms of Fra-1 regulation and Fra-1 regulated gene expression in human malignant mesothelioma (MM) are(More)