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Understanding the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of dendrimer-DNA complexes is an important prerequisite for improving the transfection efficiency of non-viral vector-mediated gene delivery. Dendrimers are synthetic polymers used for gene transfer. Although these cationic molecules show promise as versatile DNA carriers, very little is known(More)
BACKGROUND One of the drawbacks of the currently available vectors for gene therapy is the lack of selectivity in gene delivery. We have therefore investigated a strategy to generate immunoliposomes to target non-viral vectors to cell surface receptors on endothelium. MATERIALS AND METHODS We have developed a novel method of coupling antibodies (Abs) to(More)
In order to optimise and improve the efficacy of transfection mediated by dendrimers, it is essential to fully understand the mechanisms of cell entry and intracellular trafficking by these complexes. Previously, we have shown that gene delivery by dendrimers is dependent from cholesterol and membrane rafts. The inhibition of transfection by treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy mediated by synthetic vectors may provide opportunities for new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF) via aerosolisation. Vectors for CF must transfect the airway epithelium efficiently and not cause inflammation so they are suitable for repeated dosing. The inhaled aerosol should be deposited in the airways since the cystic fibrosis(More)
A polyspecific human monoclonal (auto)antibody, isolated from a patient in the acute phase of infectious mononucleosis, was found to react with all subfractions (H1, H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) of histones. This finding prompted us to study the occurrence of antibodies to histones in sera of patients with infectious mononucleosis. It was found that IgM binding to(More)
Multifunctional, lipopolyplex formulations comprising a mixture of cationic liposomes and cationic, receptor-targeting peptides have potential use in gene therapy applications. Lipopolyplex formulations described here are typically far more efficient transfection agents than binary lipoplex or polyplex formulations. It has been shown previously that the(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelium is an important target for gene therapy. We have investigated the effect of viral and nonviral vectors on the phenotype and function of endothelial cells (ECs) and developed methods to block any activation caused by these vectors. METHODS AND RESULTS Transduction of ECs with viral vectors, including adenovirus, lentiviruses, and(More)
To study the mechanism(s) responsible for the appearance of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced anti-histone autoantibodies, peripheral blood B lymphocytes from healthy donors were infected with EBV and the resulting lymphoblastoid cell lines were tested for secretion of antibodies reacting with histones. It was found that EBV-transformed cells produce IgM(More)
The vascular endothelial cell (EC) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of inflammation, transplant rejection and tumour metastasis. Most research on vascular ECs uses human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, HUVECs are derived from immune-naive foetal tissue, and show significant functional differences from adult vascular(More)
Dendritic cells produce cytokines that regulate the class of the adaptive immune response. Microbial recognition is mediated, at least in part, by pattern recognition receptors such as Toll-like receptors, which influence dendritic cell maturation. In humans it is not yet clear how intact pathogens modulate the developing immune response. To address the(More)