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BACKGROUND Virtual reality and interactive video gaming have emerged as new treatment approaches in stroke rehabilitation. In particular, commercial gaming consoles are being rapidly adopted in clinical settings; however, there is currently little information about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of virtual reality and interactive(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe and characterize the prevalence and quality of pain in a population-based community sample of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS Outcomes were assessed from 2 domains of the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: body structure/function (upper limb spans, modified(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether individualized advice on non-pharmacological strategies for hospitalized older patients with confusion and behavioral problems can improve levels of agitation and reduce the use of psychotropic medication. METHOD Pragmatic randomized controlled trial in two metropolitan teaching hospitals in South Australia. Seventy-one(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarise existing systematic reviews that assess the effects of non-pharmacological, pharmacological and alternative therapies on activities of daily living (ADL) function in people with dementia. DESIGN Overview of systematic reviews. METHODS A systematic search in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, Medline, EMBASE and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a hydrotherapy resistance exercise programme with a gym based resistance exercise programme on strength and function in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN Single blind, three arm, randomised controlled trial. SUBJECTS 105 community living participants aged 50 years and over with clinical OA of the hip or(More)
OBJECTIVES Older people are at risk of undernutrition because of a number of physiological conditions and lifestyle factors. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive relationship of corrected arm muscle area (CAMA) with 8-year mortality in a representative sample of older Australians. DESIGN Prospective cohort study: The Australian(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare hospital and home settings for the rehabilitation of patients following hip fracture. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial comparing accelerated discharge and home-based rehabilitation (n = 34) with conventional hospital care (n = 32) for patients admitted to hospital with hip fracture. SETTING Three metropolitan hospitals in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of early discharge and home-based therapy with conventional hospital rehabilitation on patient and caregiver outcomes at 12 months after hip fracture. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Acute and subacute care with follow-up in a community setting in Australia. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-six older adults admitted to(More)
BACKGROUND Health related quality of life (HRQoL) in very late life is not well understood. The aim of the present study was to assess HRQoL and health outcomes at four months follow-up in a group of older people awaiting transfer to residential aged care. METHODS Secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in three public(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the independent and combined effects of oral nutrition supplementation and resistance training on health outcomes in nutritionally at risk older adults following lower limb fracture. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial with 12-week masked outcome assessment. SETTING Teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS One hundred nutritionally at risk(More)