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BACKGROUND Virtual reality and interactive video gaming have emerged as new treatment approaches in stroke rehabilitation. In particular, commercial gaming consoles are being rapidly adopted in clinical settings; however, there is currently little information about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of virtual reality and interactive(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe and characterize the prevalence and quality of pain in a population-based community sample of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS Outcomes were assessed from 2 domains of the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: body structure/function (upper limb spans, modified(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarise existing systematic reviews that assess the effects of non-pharmacological, pharmacological and alternative therapies on activities of daily living (ADL) function in people with dementia. DESIGN Overview of systematic reviews. METHODS A systematic search in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, Medline, EMBASE and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a hydrotherapy resistance exercise programme with a gym based resistance exercise programme on strength and function in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN Single blind, three arm, randomised controlled trial. SUBJECTS 105 community living participants aged 50 years and over with clinical OA of the hip or(More)
OBJECTIVES Older people are at risk of undernutrition because of a number of physiological conditions and lifestyle factors. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive relationship of corrected arm muscle area (CAMA) with 8-year mortality in a representative sample of older Australians. DESIGN Prospective cohort study: The Australian(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare hospital and home settings for the rehabilitation of patients following hip fracture. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial comparing accelerated discharge and home-based rehabilitation (n = 34) with conventional hospital care (n = 32) for patients admitted to hospital with hip fracture. SETTING Three metropolitan hospitals in(More)
This commentary discusses how health economic techniques can usefully be applied to inform clinical and policy decision making in the aged care sector from two perspectives: firstly, in relation to the measurement and valuation of the costs and benefits of new and existing health care technologies and modes of aged care service delivery and secondly, in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether individualized advice on non-pharmacological strategies for hospitalized older patients with confusion and behavioral problems can improve levels of agitation and reduce the use of psychotropic medication. METHOD Pragmatic randomized controlled trial in two metropolitan teaching hospitals in South Australia. Seventy-one(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the dietary energy and protein intake of undernourished older adults (with and without cognitive impairment) admitted to hospital following a lower limb fracture and to determine whether dietary intakes met estimated requirements. DESIGN An observational study of a sequential sample. SETTING The orthopaedic ward of a South Australian(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the preferences of frail older people for individualised multidisciplinary rehabilitation to promote recovery from a hip fracture. DESIGN Discrete Choice Experiment. SETTING Acute and Rehabilitation Hospitals in Adelaide, South Australia. SUBJECTS Eighty-seven patients with recent hip fracture (16 living in residential care(More)