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The effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 on endogenous extracellular glutamate levels in the prefrontal cortex of the awake rat and in primary cultures of rat cerebral cortex neurons were investigated. In the prefrontal cortex WIN 55,212-2 (0.1 and 1 mg/kg i.p.) increased dialysate glutamate levels from of the awake rat, while the lower(More)
Using mono and dualprobe(s) microdialysis in the basal ganglia of the freely moving rat evidence has been obtained that neurotensin (NT) in threshold concentrations can counteract the D(2) agonist (intrastriatally perfused) induced inhibition of striatal dopamine (DA) release and of pallidal GABA release from the striato-pallidal GABA pathway, effects that(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to the cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) at a daily dose devoid of overt signs of toxicity and/or gross malformations (0.5 mg/kg, gestation days 5-20), influences cortical glutamatergic neurotransmission, learning and emotional reactivity in rat offspring. Basal and(More)
The effects of sarizotan, a 5-HT(1A) agonist with additional affinity for D(3) and D(4) receptors, have been studied on the corticostriatal glutamate pathways using dual-probe microdialysis in the awake rat. Sarizotan given systemically (0.1-10 mg/kg s.c.) or perfused into the motor cortex (10 microM) produced 20-30% reduction of cortical and striatal(More)
The present in vivo microdialysis study evaluates the possible existence of a differential regulation of serotonergic transmission by the antinarcoleptic drug modafinil [(diphenyl-methyl)-sulfinyl-2-acetamide; Modiodal] among various brain regions of the awake rat. The results show that, in the cerebral cortex, the central amygdala, and the dorsal raphe(More)
In the present study, the effects of the tridecapeptide neurotensin [NT(1-13)] and its fragments, NT(1-7) and NT(8-13), on endogenous glutamate release from rat cortical slices, were evaluated. NT(1-13) (100-1000 nM) slightly increased spontaneous glutamate release, while it was ineffective at 1 and 10 nM concentrations. Neither the biologically active NT(More)
In view of a postulated role of the vigilance-promoting drug modafinil in depression, the interaction of modafinil and two classical antidepressant drugs, fluoxetine and imipramine, were studied in 5-HT levels in the dorsal raphe-cortical system using dual-probe microdialysis. Fluoxetine (1-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased dorsal raphe-cortical 5-HT(More)
The aim of the present in vivo microdialysis study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to the CB(1) receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 mesylate (WIN; (R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinyl-methyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone), at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg (s.c. from the fifth to the 20th day of gestation), that causes(More)
The ability of modafinil (Modiodal) to protect cortical neurons from glutamate-induced degeneration was evaluated by measuring electrically evoked [3H]GABA release and [3H]GABA uptake in primary cerebral cortical cultures. In normal cells, electrical stimulation (10 Hz, 2 min) increased [3H]GABA release (FR-NER St1 = 0.77+/-0.14; St2/St1 ratio =(More)
The aim of the present review is to summarize integrated neurochemical, morphological and neurobehavioral evidence, in particular from our laboratory, which emphasize the short- and long-term consequences of prenatal exposure to the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 on rat glutamate transmission and cognitive functions. The results obtained provide(More)