Maria Cristina Tomasini

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The effects of sarizotan, a 5-HT(1A) agonist with additional affinity for D(3) and D(4) receptors, have been studied on the corticostriatal glutamate pathways using dual-probe microdialysis in the awake rat. Sarizotan given systemically (0.1-10 mg/kg s.c.) or perfused into the motor cortex (10 microM) produced 20-30% reduction of cortical and striatal(More)
The effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (0.1-5 mg/kg i.p.) on endogenous extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the cerebral cortex of the awake rat was investigated by using microdialysis. WIN 55,212-2 (1 and 5 mg/kg i.p.) was associated with a concentration-dependent decrease in dialysate GABA levels (-16% +/- 4% and(More)
Experiments were performed to assess the neurotoxic effects induced by prenatal acute treatment with methylmercury on cortical neurons. To this purpose, primary neuronal cultures were obtained from cerebral cortex of neonatal rats born to dams treated with methylmercury (4 and 8 mg/kg by gavage) on gestational day 15, the developmental stage critical for(More)
The neurobehavioral and neurochemical effects produced by prenatal methylmercury exposure (8 mg/kg, gestational-days 8 or 15), were investigated in rats. On postnatal day 40, animals exposed to methylmercury and tested in the open field arena, showed a reduction in the number of rearings, whereas the number of crossings and resting time was not altered with(More)
Using mono and dualprobe(s) microdialysis in the basal ganglia of the freely moving rat evidence has been obtained that neurotensin (NT) in threshold concentrations can counteract the D2 agonist (intrastriatally perfused) induced inhibition of striatal dopamine (DA) release and of pallidal GABA release from the striato-pallidal GABA pathway, effects that(More)
The tridecapeptide neurotensin has been demonstrated to increase glutamate release in discrete rat brain regions, leading to the hypothesis of a possible involvement of the peptide in neurodegenerative pathologies. The role of neurotensin in modulating glutamate excitotoxicity and the possible neuroprotective action of the neurotensin receptor antagonist(More)
The effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 on endogenous extracellular glutamate levels in the prefrontal cortex of the awake rat and in primary cultures of rat cerebral cortex neurons were investigated. In the prefrontal cortex WIN 55,212-2 (0.1 and 1 mg/kg i.p.) increased dialysate glutamate levels from of the awake rat, while the lower(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to the cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) at a daily dose devoid of overt signs of toxicity and/or gross malformations (0.5 mg/kg, gestation days 5-20), influences cortical glutamatergic neurotransmission, learning and emotional reactivity in rat offspring. Basal and(More)
The ability of modafinil (Modiodal) to protect cortical neurons from glutamate-induced degeneration was evaluated by measuring electrically evoked [3H]GABA release and [3H]GABA uptake in primary cerebral cortical cultures. In normal cells, electrical stimulation (10 Hz, 2 min) increased [3H]GABA release (FR-NER St1 = 0.77+/-0.14; St2/St1 ratio =(More)
In view of a postulated role of the vigilance-promoting drug modafinil in depression, the interaction of modafinil and two classical antidepressant drugs, fluoxetine and imipramine, were studied in 5-HT levels in the dorsal raphe-cortical system using dual-probe microdialysis. Fluoxetine (1-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased dorsal raphe-cortical 5-HT(More)