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This paper reports clinical and metabolic studies of two Italian siblings with a novel form of persistent isolated hypermethioninaemia, i.e. abnormally elevated plasma methionine that lasted beyond the first months of life and is not due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency, tyrosinaemia I or liver disease. Abnormal elevations of their plasma… (More)
We report on a case of Netherton syndrome showing a new SPINK5 mutation (c.957_960dupTGGT duplication in exon 11), associated with partial defect of biotinidase.
The early onset type of cobalamin (Cbl) C/D deficiency is characterised by feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, hypotonia, seizures, microcephaly and developmental delay. It has an unfavourable outcome, often with early death and significant neurological impairment in survivors. While clinical and biochemical features of Cbl C/D deficiency are well… (More)
Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and homocystinuria, cblC type (MIM 277400) is the most frequent inborn error of vitamin B(12). The recent identification of the disease gene, MMACHC, has permitted preliminary genotype-phenotype correlations. We studied 24 Italian and 17 Portuguese patients with cblC defect to illustrate the spectrum of mutations in a southern… (More)
We report on the long-term follow-up of the first Italian patient with the tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-responsive type of phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency (R243X/Y414C genotype). The patient was diagnosed by the newborn screening for phenylketonuria (PKU) and with a positive BH4 loading test. Introduction of BH4 (initially 10 and later 20 mg/kg/day) in… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (MMA-HC) is caused by impaired hepatic conversion of dietary cobalamin to methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin, resulting in decreased activity of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and methionine synthase. Patients with the early-onset variety present within 12 months of age with severe… (More)
Disorders of creatine synthesis or its transporter resulting in neurological impairment with mental retardation and epilepsy have only been recognized in recent years. To date, the epileptic disorder observed in creatine transporter deficiency (CRTR-D) has been described as a mild phenotype with infrequent seizures and favorable response to common… (More)
BACKGROUND Neurologically impaired children (NIC) have a high risk of recurrence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) following fundoplication. A postpyloric feeding tube may be useful when gastric emptying disorders occur; however, dislocation and difficulty in feeding management often require more aggressive procedures. Total esophagogastric dissociation… (More)
A patient with isolated sulphite oxidase deficiency presented with seizures at 12 h of life and followed a severe course, dying at 10 months of age. There was mild facial dysmorphism and the brain showed multiple cystic fibrosis.