Maria Cristina Schiaffino

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Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and homocystinuria, cblC type (MIM 277400) is the most frequent inborn error of vitamin B(12). The recent identification of the disease gene, MMACHC, has permitted preliminary genotype-phenotype correlations. We studied 24 Italian and 17 Portuguese patients with cblC defect to illustrate the spectrum of mutations in a southern(More)
This paper reports clinical and metabolic studies of two Italian siblings with a novel form of persistent isolated hypermethioninaemia, i.e. abnormally elevated plasma methionine that lasted beyond the first months of life and is not due to cystathionine β-synthase deficiency, tyrosinaemia I or liver disease. Abnormal elevations of their plasma(More)
Tyrosinemia type III, caused by deficiency of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, is a rare disorder of tyrosine catabolism. Primary 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase deficiency has been described in only three patients. The biochemical phenotype shows hypertyrosinemia and elevated urinary excretion of 4-hydroxyphenyl derivatives. We report the clinical(More)
Tyrosinemia type III (OMIM 276710) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPD), the second enzyme in the tyrosine catabolic pathway. The enzyme deficiency results in an accumulation and increased excretion of tyrosine and phenolic metabolites. Only a few cases with the disorder have been(More)
In severe neonatal hyperammonemia, extracorporeal dialysis (ECD) provides higher ammonium clearance than peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, there are limited outcome data in relation to dialysis modality. Data from infants with hyperammonemia secondary to inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) treated with dialysis were collected in six Italian centers and(More)
Creatine transporter deficiency is an X-linked disorder characterized by mental retardation and language delay. The authors report a patient affected by creatine transport deficiency caused by a novel mutation in the SLC6A8 gene. Impairment in social interaction represents a consistent clinical finding in the few cases described to date and may be a(More)
In order to evaluate the argument whether or not a restricted phenylalanine diet should be maintained for life in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU), 16 patients with early treated PKU but off diet since their 11th birthday were investigated. The evaluation included a detailed neurological examination, IQ, neurophysiological testing and MRI of the brain.(More)
Availability of early diagnosis and early treatment is fundamental to the prevention of neurological damage in patients affected by metabolic disorders with neonatal expression. While plasma amino acid (AA) measurements accordingly provide fundamental clues to early diagnosis of inborn errors of AA metabolism, more information concerning the trends of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (MMA-HC) is caused by impaired hepatic conversion of dietary cobalamin to methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin, resulting in decreased activity of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and methionine synthase. Patients with the early-onset variety present within 12 months of age with severe(More)
Disorders of creatine synthesis or its transporter resulting in neurological impairment with mental retardation and epilepsy have only been recognized in recent years. To date, the epileptic disorder observed in creatine transporter deficiency (CRTR-D) has been described as a mild phenotype with infrequent seizures and favorable response to common(More)