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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling through TrkB regulates different aspects of neuronal development, including survival, axonal and dendritic growth, and synapse formation. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the functional significance of BDNF and TrkB in the retina, the cell types in the retina that express BDNF and TrkB, and(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in mammals monitor acid sensing and mechanoreception. They have a widespread expression in the central and peripheral nervous system, including the gut. The distribution of ASICs in zebrafish is known only in larvae and at the mRNA level. Here we have investigated the expression and cell distribution of ASIC2 in the gut of(More)
The neuromasts of the lateral line system are regarded as a model to study the mechanisms of hearing, deafness, and ototoxicity. The neurotrophins (NTs), especially brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and its signaling receptor TrkB are involved in the development and maintenance of neuromasts. To know the period in which the BDNF/TrkB complex has(More)
TRPV4 is a nonselective cation channel that belongs to the vanilloid (V) subfamily of transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels. While TRP channels have been found to be involved in sensing temperature, light, pressure, and chemical stimuli, TPRV4 is believed to be primarily a mechanosensor although it can also respond to warm temperatures, acidic pH,(More)
The retina of the adult zebrafish express brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its signaling receptor TrkB. This functional system is involved in the biology of the vertebrate retina and its expression is regulated by light. This study was designed to investigate the effects of cyclic (12 h light/12 h darkness) or continuous (24 h) exposure during(More)
Neurotrophins (NTs) and their signal transducing Trk receptors play a critical role in the development and maintenance of specific neuronal populations in the nervous system of higher vertebrates. They are responsible for the innervation of the inner ear cochlear and vestibular sensory epithelia. Neurotrophins and Trks are also present in teleosts but their(More)
S100 proteins are EF-hand calcium-binding protein highly preserved during evolution present in both neuronal and non-neuronal tissues of the higher vertebrates. Data about the expression of S100 protein in fishes are scarce, and no data are available on zebrafish, a common model used in biology to study development but also human diseases. In this study, we(More)
The fish sensory epithelium contains three types of sensory cells denominated ciliated, microvillous, and crypt neurons. Each one differs from the other in its morphological, ultrastructural and molecular features, as well as in their projections to the central nervous system. Crypt neurons are present in both bony and cartilaginous fish and can be(More)
Ionic channels play key roles in the sensory cells, such as transducing specific stimuli into electrical signals. The acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) family is voltage-insensitive, amiloride-sensitive, proton-gated cation channels involved in several sensory functions. ASIC2, in particular, has a dual function as mechano- and chemo-sensor. In this study, we(More)
The Italian lizard (Podarcis sicula) is the most diffused reptile in Italy, but it is also present in other European countries. This lizard belongs to the Lacertidae family, lives near walls, slants and along the borders of the paths; its diet includes bugs and aracnids. No data are so far available in literature about the three-dimensional morphology of(More)