Maria Cristina De Martino

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Cushing's syndrome is commonly complicated with an impairment of glucose metabolism, which is often clinically manifested as diabetes mellitus. The development of diabetes mellitus in Cushing's syndrome is both a direct and indirect consequence of glucocorticoid excess. Indeed, glucocorticoid excess induces a stimulation of gluconeogenesis in the liver as(More)
Somatostatin (SS) and SS receptors (ssts) are broadly expressed in the human body where they exert many physiological actions. Moreover, they can be expressed in many pathological tissues. Particularly, a high density of ssts has been described in human neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). SS and ssts have a therapeutic and diagnostic value in several clinical(More)
Cushing's syndrome (CS) causes metabolic abnormalities that determine an increased cardiovascular risk not only during the active phase of the disease but also for a long time after cure. Cardiovascular complications, such as premature atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke, in patients with CS cause a mortality rate higher than(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide. Different signalling pathways have been identified to be implicated in the pathogenesis of HCC; among these, GH, IGF and somatostatin (SST) pathways have emerged as some of the major pathways implicated in the development of HCC. Physiologically, GH-IGF-SST system plays a crucial(More)
Deregulation of mTOR and IGF pathways is frequent in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), thus mTOR and IGF1R represent suitable therapeutic targets in HCC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) and OSI-906, blocker of IGF1R/IR, on HCC cell proliferation, viability, migration and invasion, and alpha-fetoprotein (α-FP)(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a kinase of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Ks)/protein kinase B (PKB or AKT) signaling pathway, which is one of the most important intracellular mediators of the activity of growth factors receptors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). Dysregulation of the(More)
Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS), a rare endocrine disorder characterized by cortisol hypersecretion, is associated with psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders. Major depression, mania, anxiety, and neurocognitive impairment are the most important clinical abnormalities. Moreover, patients most often complain of impairment in quality of life,(More)
UNLABELLED Chromogranin A (CgA) and the Ki-67 proliferation index are considered as important biochemical and pathological markers for clinical behaviour of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs), respectively. The IGF system has been suggested as an important regulator of GEP NET proliferation and differentiation. A possible relationship(More)
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