Learn More
BACKGROUND The role of dopamine agonists in the treatment of Cushing's disease (CD) has been previously debated. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term (3 months) and long-term (12-24 months) treatment with cabergoline in patients with CD. PATIENTS AND METHODS 20 patients with CD unsuccessfully treated by surgery(More)
Cardiovascular accidents represent the most important cause of death in patients with Cushing's syndrome. This prospective study aims at evaluating carotid arteries by echo-Doppler ultrasonography and clinical and metabolic markers of atherosclerosis in 25 patients with Cushing's disease (CD) before and after 1 yr of remission. Thirty-two sex- and(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the efficacy of pegvisomant in patients with acromegaly resistant to long-term (> or = 24-month), high-dose treatment with octreotide-LAR (40 mg/month) or lanreotide (120 mg/month). DESIGN This was an open, prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We studied 16 patients with acromegaly (nine women; aged 28-61 years). The(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic mild endogenous glucocorticoid excess has been shown to cause bone loss and to increase fracture risk in both post-menopausal and premenopausal women. Currently, it is unclear if patients with subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) with osteoporosis or osteopenia may benefit from antiresorptive treatment and the type of therapy to be(More)
INTRODUCTION The effects of endogenous cortisol (F) excess on bone mass and vertebral fractures have still not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this cross-sectional case-control study was to investigate factors influencing bone demineralization and vertebral fractures in different conditions of F excess, i.e. Cushing's disease and adrenal and(More)
CONTEXT Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is a rare cancer with poor prognosis and scant treatment options. In ACC, no personalized approach has emerged but no extensive molecular screening has been performed to date. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate the presence of a large number of potentially targetable molecular events in a large cohort(More)
BACKGROUND The GH/insulin-like growth factor 1 axis is physiologically involved in the regulation of electrolytes and water homeostasis by kidneys, and influences glomerular filtration and tubular re-absorption processes. The aim of the study was to investigate renal structure and function in acromegalic patients during active disease and disease remission.(More)
Somatostatin (SS) and SS receptors (ssts) are broadly expressed in the human body where they exert many physiological actions. Moreover, they can be expressed in many pathological tissues. Particularly, a high density of ssts has been described in human neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). SS and ssts have a therapeutic and diagnostic value in several clinical(More)
Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a chronic and systemic disease caused by endogenous or exogenous hypercortisolism, associated with an increase of mortality rate due to the clinical consequences of glucocorticoid excess, especially cardiovascular diseases. After cure, usually obtained by the surgical removal of the tumor responsible for the disease, the(More)
BACKGROUND Acromegaly is known to be associated to vascular damage characterized by an increase of vascular wall thickness and an impairment of vascular function. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of medical treatment with the GH receptor antagonist pegvisomant on vascular structure and function in acromegalic patients resistant to(More)