Maria Cristina De Martino

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Cardiovascular accidents represent the most important cause of death in patients with Cushing's syndrome. This prospective study aims at evaluating carotid arteries by echo-Doppler ultrasonography and clinical and metabolic markers of atherosclerosis in 25 patients with Cushing's disease (CD) before and after 1 yr of remission. Thirty-two sex- and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of dopamine agonists in the treatment of Cushing's disease (CD) has been previously debated. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term (3 months) and long-term (12-24 months) treatment with cabergoline in patients with CD. PATIENTS AND METHODS 20 patients with CD unsuccessfully treated by surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the efficacy of pegvisomant in patients with acromegaly resistant to long-term (> or = 24-month), high-dose treatment with octreotide-LAR (40 mg/month) or lanreotide (120 mg/month). DESIGN This was an open, prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We studied 16 patients with acromegaly (nine women; aged 28-61 years). The(More)
INTRODUCTION The effects of endogenous cortisol (F) excess on bone mass and vertebral fractures have still not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this cross-sectional case-control study was to investigate factors influencing bone demineralization and vertebral fractures in different conditions of F excess, i.e. Cushing's disease and adrenal and(More)
Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS), a rare endocrine disorder characterized by cortisol hypersecretion, is associated with psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders. Major depression, mania, anxiety, and neurocognitive impairment are the most important clinical abnormalities. Moreover, patients most often complain of impairment in quality of life,(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic mild endogenous glucocorticoid excess has been shown to cause bone loss and to increase fracture risk in both post-menopausal and premenopausal women. Currently, it is unclear if patients with subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) with osteoporosis or osteopenia may benefit from antiresorptive treatment and the type of therapy to be(More)
Cushing's syndrome is commonly complicated with an impairment of glucose metabolism, which is often clinically manifested as diabetes mellitus. The development of diabetes mellitus in Cushing's syndrome is both a direct and indirect consequence of glucocorticoid excess. Indeed, glucocorticoid excess induces a stimulation of gluconeogenesis in the liver as(More)
AIM The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of short-term (6 months) and long-term (18 months) treatment with pegvisomant on cardiac structure and performance in patients with acromegaly. PATIENTS Seventeen patients (nine women, eight men, 27-61 yr) with active acromegaly entered and 12 completed the long-term study. After a baseline(More)
To investigate the relationships between the GH-IGF-I axis and the atherosclerotic profile, we designed this open, observational, prospective study. Peak GH after GHRH+arginine (ARG) test, serum IGF-I and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), lipid profile, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index and intima-media thickness (IMT) at common carotid arteries were(More)
No head-to-head comparisons are available to analyze the efficacy of octreotide (LAR) and lanreotide (LAN) as first-line treatment of acromegaly.We compared the efficacy of these two drugs in 54 newly diagnosed patients (21 women, 33 men), 27 treated with LAR (10-30 mg every 28 days) and 27 with LAN (60-90 mg/28 days), for 12 months. Each LAR-treated(More)