Maria Cristina Bianchi

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Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) catalyzes the first step of creatine synthesis, resulting in the formation of guanidinoacetate, which is a substrate for creatine formation. In two female siblings with mental retardation who had brain creatine deficiency that was reversible by means of oral creatine supplementation and had low urinary(More)
Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT, EC 2.1.4.1) deficiency is a recently recognized autosomal recessive inborn error of creatine biosynthesis, characterized by mental retardation and severe language impairment. We extensively investigated a third 5-year-old patient with AGAT deficiency, discovered in the pedigree of the same Italian family as the two(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Proton (hydrogen-1 [(1)H]) MR spectroscopy is a useful diagnostic tool in many metabolic diseases, but only scattered and inconclusive data are available on mitochondrial diseases. We performed MR imaging and (1)H MR spectroscopy of the brain in patients with different types of primary mitochondrial diseases to investigate the role of(More)
We describe a new creatine metabolism disorder in 2 young sisters who suffered from mental retardation and severe language delay. Blood examination, investigation of the most common neurometabolic disorders, and brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. Diagnosis was established only by means of in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain creatine (Cr) deficiencies (BCr-d) are rare disorders of creatine biosynthesis and transport. We performed consecutive measures of total Cr (tCr) and of its phosphorylated fraction, phosphocreatine (PCr), in the brains of children affected by Cr synthesis defects during a long period of therapy. The aim was to identify the(More)
The authors describe an Italian child with guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, neurologic regression, movement disorders, and epilepsy during the first year of life. Brain MRI showed pallidal and periaqueductal alterations. In vivo 1H-MRS showed brain creatine depletion. The assessment of guanidinoacetic acid concentration in biologic fluids(More)
PURPOSE To study the normal dependence of cerebral perfusion changes on age, to measure values of perfusion early in life, and to create a reference dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS Perfusion maps were collected from a total of 44 healthy subjects (from four to 78 years old) using the arterial spin labeling (ASL) technique. The population was(More)
A review of 4,500 angiograms yielded 11 patients with dissection of the vertebral arteries who had MRI and (in 4 patients) MR angiography (MRA) in the acute phase of stroke. One patient with incidental discovery at arteriography of asymptomatic vertebral artery dissection and two patients with acute strokes with MRI and MRA findings consistent with(More)
Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency is a treatable inborn error of creatine synthesis, characterized by mental retardation, language impairment, and behavioral disorders. We describe a patient in whom arginine:glycine amidinotransferase was diagnosed at birth and treated at 4 months with creatine supplementation. In contrast with his 2 older(More)
Creatine transporter deficit (CT1) is an inherited metabolic disorder that causes mental retardation, epilepsy, speech, language and behavioral deficits. Until now, no treatment has been proven to be successful for this condition. We describe 1-year follow-up study of a child, aged 9.6 years, with CT1 defect, on oral supplementation with L-arginine, a(More)