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UNLABELLED True ictal SPECT can accurately demonstrate perfusion increases in the epileptogenic area but often requires dedicated personnel waiting at the bedside to accomplish the injection. We investigated the value of perfusion changes as measured by ictal or immediate postictal SPECT in localizing the epileptogenic region in refractory partial epilepsy.(More)
PURPOSE Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) is an image-analysis tool that assesses the statistical significance of cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes on a voxel-by-voxel basis, thereby removing the subjectivity inherent in conventional region-of-interest (ROI) analysis. Our platform of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ictal-interictal(More)
Increased regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) at the epileptogenic site has been consistently reported for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) injections made during seizure activity, and the increased rCBF has been shown to remain elevated at the epileptogenic site in some cases, even when SPECT injections are made after seizure termination(More)
Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) brain imaging in epilepsy has become an increasingly important noninvasive tool in localizing the epileptogenic site. Ictal SPET demonstrates the highest localization sensitivity as compared with postictal and interictal SPET. While ictal SPET consistently reveals hyperperfusion at the epileptogenic site, postictal(More)
Nonepileptic seizures may represent difficult diagnostic problems. Identifying their presence and frequency is critical for determining appropriate treatment. The authors investigated the value of quantitative perfusion changes as measured by ictal single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) difference images in differentiating nonepileptic from epileptic(More)
By digitally computing perfusion changes from ictal or postictal (peri-ictal) injections referenced to those acquired interictally, an enhanced method for localizing the epileptogenic area is reported. Computer-based image processing methods for quantifying regional percent change in the brain are applied to a group of 19 epilepsy patients after the(More)
Peri-ictal single-photon emission tomography (SPET) difference images co-registered to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visualize regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes and help localize the epileptogenic area in medically refractory epilepsy. Few reports have examined the reproducibility of SPET difference image results. Epilepsy patients having two(More)
PURPOSE Factors affecting blood flow observed by interictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have not been systematically studied or consistently demonstrated. We evaluated interictal SPECT results with respect to many clinical variables in a large population of TLE patients, all of whom underwent(More)
The evolving capabilities of Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) offer new opportunities to automate some parts of the commissioning process and can generate benefits over the entire life of a building. These benefits include a reduction of process cost and manual effort on site, improved quality assurance process and the adoption of automated energy(More)
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