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UNLABELLED True ictal SPECT can accurately demonstrate perfusion increases in the epileptogenic area but often requires dedicated personnel waiting at the bedside to accomplish the injection. We investigated the value of perfusion changes as measured by ictal or immediate postictal SPECT in localizing the epileptogenic region in refractory partial epilepsy.(More)
Efficient utilization of fatty acids to sustain prolonged physical efforts is thought to be dependent on the carnitine shuttle of muscle. A study has been carried out in 24 athletes (13 long-distance runners and 11 sprinters). These subjects received placebo or L-carnitine (1 g/orally b.i.d.) during a 6-month period of training. In endurance athletes,(More)
The effects of L-carnitine on respiratory chain enzymes in muscle of long distance runners were studied in 14 athletes. These subjects received placebo or L-carnitine (2 g orally b.i.d.) during a 4-week period of training. Athletes receiving L-carnitine showed a significant increase (p < 0.01) in the activities of rotenone-sensitive NADH cytochrome c(More)
PURPOSE Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) is an image-analysis tool that assesses the statistical significance of cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes on a voxel-by-voxel basis, thereby removing the subjectivity inherent in conventional region-of-interest (ROI) analysis. Our platform of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ictal-interictal(More)
Increased regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) at the epileptogenic site has been consistently reported for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) injections made during seizure activity, and the increased rCBF has been shown to remain elevated at the epileptogenic site in some cases, even when SPECT injections are made after seizure termination(More)
Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) brain imaging in epilepsy has become an increasingly important noninvasive tool in localizing the epileptogenic site. Ictal SPET demonstrates the highest localization sensitivity as compared with postictal and interictal SPET. While ictal SPET consistently reveals hyperperfusion at the epileptogenic site, postictal(More)
Twenty-nine hemodialyzed patients with hypertriglyceridemia were given L-carnitine (20 mg/kg iv at the end of each dialysis) for 120 days and then placebo for the same duration in order to evaluate the lipid-lowering effects of the metabolite. A dramatic reduction in triglyceride levels was observed only in the group of patients (n = 12) with high basal(More)
By digitally computing perfusion changes from ictal or postictal (peri-ictal) injections referenced to those acquired interictally, an enhanced method for localizing the epileptogenic area is reported. Computer-based image processing methods for quantifying regional percent change in the brain are applied to a group of 19 epilepsy patients after the(More)
Nonepileptic seizures may represent difficult diagnostic problems. Identifying their presence and frequency is critical for determining appropriate treatment. The authors investigated the value of quantitative perfusion changes as measured by ictal single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) difference images in differentiating nonepileptic from epileptic(More)
PURPOSE Image processing techniques were applied to interictal positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) brain images to aid in the localization of epileptogenic foci by calculating a functional image that represents the degree of coupling between perfusion and metabolism. Uncoupling of these two functions has(More)