Maria Constantinou

Learn More
Kohonen self-organizing maps (SOMs) are unsupervised Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) that are good for low-density data visualization. They easily deal with complex and nonlinear relationships between variables. We evaluated molecular events that characterize high- and low-grade BC pathways in the tumors from 104 patients. We compared the ability of(More)
We have performed cytogenetic and molecular analyses of 45,X mosaics involving structurally abnormal Y chromosomes. Karyotypes were performed by standard cytogenetic methods and, in some cases, by fluorescence in situ hybridization, to distinguish monocentric and dicentric chromosomes. In addition, the deletions of Yq have been mapped using Southern(More)
Families with balanced chromosomal changes ascertained by unbalanced progeny, miscarriages, or by chance are interested in their probability for unbalanced offspring and other unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. This is usually done based on the original data published by Stengel-Rutkowski et al. several decades ago. That data set has never been updated. It is(More)
The present study aimed at detection of P53 gene mutations in cells of urinary bladder neoplasms, as the mutations may be regarded as an independent prognostic factor for progression and recurrence of tumours. In the study, 82 patients with clinically diagnosed urinary bladder tumour were included. The control was composed of DNA samples from urine and(More)
INTRODUCTION Urinary bladder carcinoma ranks the fourth position in malignancy incidence rates in men (6.1%) and the 17th position in women (1.6%). In general, neoplastic diseases should be approached from two perspectives: prevention with implementation of prophylactic measures and early diagnostics. Prophylactics is possible in the preclinical phase of(More)
We present a boy diagnosed with partial 3p monosomy and partial 4q trisomy. The patient was 9 years of age with intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, and ataxia. A family history and medical evaluation showed that the father manifested similar facial dysmorphic features, intellectual disability, quadriparesis, and progressive cerebrospinal ataxia.(More)
Multiplex FISH (UroVysion), Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), and Multitemperature Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (MSSCP) were applied for non-invasive diagnosis and prognosis of bladder cancer. The UroVysion test was positive in 80% of patients with pT1 and in 100% of patients with either pT2 or pT3 tumours. Tumours with pT3T4 stages were(More)
DNA replication kinetics of the Prader-Willi/Angelman Critical Region (PWACR) was studied with and without synchronisation in human amniotic cell cultures obtained from 20 cases with normal karyotype and 4 cases with a marker of chromosome 15, respectively. A Timing Replication Test (TRT) was performed by synchronisation of amniotic cell cultures and(More)
OBJECTIVE The main goal of our study was to identify the earliest and specific genetic changes which could be associated with an increased risk of neoplastic transformation in a group of patients with endometrial hyperplasia. Another goal was to characterize genetic changes associated with advanced forms of cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study involved(More)