Maria Constantinou

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Multiplex FISH (UroVysion), Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), and Multitemperature Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (MSSCP) were applied for non-invasive diagnosis and prognosis of bladder cancer. The Uro Vysion test was positive in 80% of patients with pT1 and in 100% of patients with either pT2 or pT3 tumours. Tumours with pT3T4 stages were(More)
Kohonen self-organizing maps (SOMs) are unsupervised Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) that are good for low-density data visualization. They easily deal with complex and nonlinear relationships between variables. We evaluated molecular events that characterize high- and low-grade BC pathways in the tumors from 104 patients. We compared the ability of(More)
Diagnostic possibilities of CGH and M-FISH techniques for detection of submicroscopic chromosomal imbalancies were compared on the basis of two cases of t(X;Y) and one case of marker chromosome. In cases with t(X;Y), the sequences specific for chromosome Y were detected by PCR and CGH, but the localisation of these sequences on the short arm of chromosome X(More)
We have performed cytogenetic and molecular analyses of 45,X mosaics involving structurally abnormal Y chromosomes. Karyotypes were performed by standard cytogenetic methods and, in some cases, by fluorescence in situ hybridization, to distinguish monocentric and dicentric chromosomes. In addition, the deletions of Yq have been mapped using Southern(More)
We present a boy diagnosed with partial 3p monosomy and partial 4q trisomy. The patient was 9 years of age with intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, and ataxia. A family history and medical evaluation showed that the father manifested similar facial dysmorphic features, intellectual disability, quadriparesis, and progressive cerebrospinal ataxia.(More)
Families with balanced chromosomal changes ascertained by unbalanced progeny, miscarriages, or by chance are interested in their probability for unbalanced offspring and other unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. This is usually done based on the original data published by Stengel-Rutkowski et al. several decades ago. That data set has never been updated. It is(More)
The present study aimed at detection ofP53 gene mutations in cells of urinary bladder neoplasms, as the mutations may be regarded as an independent prognostic factor for progression and recurrence of tumours. In the study, 82 patients with clinically diagnosed urinary bladder tumour were included. The control was composed of DNA samples from urine and blood(More)
INTRODUCTION Urinary bladder carcinoma ranks the fourth position in malignancy incidence rates in men (6.1%) and the 17th position in women (1.6%). In general, neoplastic diseases should be approached from two perspectives: prevention with implementation of prophylactic measures and early diagnostics. Prophylactics is possible in the preclinical phase of(More)
So far classical prenatal detection of chromosome aberrations has been limited to the evaluation of metaphase by means of time-consuming cytogenetic techniques. The MultiVision PGT test enables a simultaneous detection of aneuploidies of chromosomes 13,18, 21, X, and Y, even 24 h after amniocentesis. In the presented case, this test detected prenatally a(More)