Maria Constantinou

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We have performed cytogenetic and molecular analyses of 45,X mosaics involving structurally abnormal Y chromosomes. Karyotypes were performed by standard cytogenetic methods and, in some cases, by fluorescence in situ hybridization, to distinguish monocentric and dicentric chromosomes. In addition, the deletions of Yq have been mapped using Southern(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of the presented studies as a retrospective reliability assessment of classical banding cytogenetic studies and of prognosing epicrises in a group of 14 cases, affected with additional marker chromosomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Having collected the study material from peripheral blood, by means of trophoblast biopsy or amniocentesis,(More)
Kohonen self-organizing maps (SOMs) are unsupervised Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) that are good for low-density data visualization. They easily deal with complex and nonlinear relationships between variables. We evaluated molecular events that characterize high- and low-grade BC pathways in the tumors from 104 patients. We compared the ability of(More)
Multiplex FISH (UroVysion), Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), and Multitemperature Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (MSSCP) were applied for non-invasive diagnosis and prognosis of bladder cancer. The Uro Vysion test was positive in 80% of patients with pT1 and in 100% of patients with either pT2 or pT3 tumours. Tumours with pT3T4 stages were(More)
The present study aimed at detection ofP53 gene mutations in cells of urinary bladder neoplasms, as the mutations may be regarded as an independent prognostic factor for progression and recurrence of tumours. In the study, 82 patients with clinically diagnosed urinary bladder tumour were included. The control was composed of DNA samples from urine and blood(More)
We present a boy diagnosed with partial 3p monosomy and partial 4q trisomy. The patient was 9 years of age with intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, and ataxia. A family history and medical evaluation showed that the father manifested similar facial dysmorphic features, intellectual disability, quadriparesis, and progressive cerebrospinal ataxia.(More)
Diagnostic possibilities of CGH and M-FISH techniques for detection of submicroscopic chromosomal imbalancies were compared on the basis of two cases of t(X;Y) and one case of marker chromosome. In cases with t(X;Y), the sequences specific for chromosome Y were detected by PCR and CGH, but the localisation of these sequences on the short arm of chromosome X(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of the study was a search for effective methods of diagnosing additional marker chromosomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three cases of extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESACs) were diagnosed, the ESACs having been derived from chromosome 15 by cytogenetic techniques, the fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) technique and the(More)
INTRODUCTION Urinary bladder carcinoma ranks the fourth position in malignancy incidence rates in men (6.1%) and the 17th position in women (1.6%). In general, neoplastic diseases should be approached from two perspectives: prevention with implementation of prophylactic measures and early diagnostics. Prophylactics is possible in the preclinical phase of(More)