Maria Concetta Geloso

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S100B is a calcium-binding protein concentrated in glial cells, although it has also been detected in definite extra-neural cell types. Its biological role is still debated. When secreted, S100B is believed to have paracrine/autocrine trophic effects at physiological concentrations, but toxic effects at higher concentrations. Elevated S100B levels in(More)
The selective vulnerability of specific neuronal subpopulations to trimethyltin (TMT), an organotin compound with neurotoxicant effects selectively involving the limbic system and especially marked in the hippocampus, makes it useful to obtain in vivo models of neurodegeneration associated with behavioural alterations, such as hyperactivity and aggression,(More)
Trimethyltin (TMT), an organotin compound with neurotoxicant effects selectively localised in the limbic system and especially marked in the hippocampus, is considered a useful tool to obtain an experimental model of neurodegeneration. Animals exposed to TMT develop behavioural alterations (hyperactivity and aggression), cognitive impairment (memory loss(More)
Behavioral and neurochemical changes following enriched housing were studied in Wistar rats neonatally exposed to anoxia (100% N2 for 25 min at approximately 30 h after birth) or to sham treatment. Neonatal anoxia provoked transient hyperactivity during the P25-P40 period, and spatial memory disturbances persisting into adult life. Enriched housing, from(More)
The present study uses immunocytochemistry to investigate the behavior of the calretinin (CR)-containing neuronal subpopulation (interneurons) of the rat hippocampus in neurodegenerative processes induced by the neurotoxicant trimethyltin. Cell counts of CR-immunolabeled interneurons indicated that these cells are spared by the neurotoxicant-induced(More)
The present study investigates, by immunocytochemistry, the behavior of different neuronal subpopulations of the rat hippocampus in neurodegenerative processes induced by the neurotoxicant trimethyltin. The calcium-binding proteins calbindin and parvalbumin are used as selective markers of different neuronal subpopulations. The effects of the neurotoxicant(More)
Thrombin, its main inhibitor (protease nexin-1) and its related receptors (protease-activated receptors, PAR-1,-2, -3, -4) were studied in rat hippocampus following administration of trimethyltin (TMT), a neurotoxin inducing neuronal degeneration and reactive gliosis. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry revealed(More)
Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-II (EMAP-II), a novel cytokine with proinflammatory and antiangiogenic properties, has previously been shown to be expressed by activated monocytes/microglial cells in the rat brain and was therefore considered a useful marker to stage microglial activation in inflammatory lesions. The aim of the present(More)
The present study investigates, by immunocytochemistry, the behavior of different neuronal subpopulations of the developing rat hippocampus, selectively labeled by the calcium-binding proteins calbindin D28-k (CB), parvalbumin (PV), and calretinin (CR), in neurodegenerative processes induced by the neurotoxicant trimethyltin (TMT). Previous studies on adult(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the use of S100 protein in blood as a means of identifying preterm infants at risk of intraventricular hemorrhage. In 25 preterm newborns, S100 blood concentrations were measured by an immunoradiometric assay during the first 48 h. Cerebral Doppler velocimetry waveform patterns were also tested at the time the blood(More)