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In vivo brain microdialysis was used to monitor changes in dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) during anticipatory and consummatory components of feeding behavior. During 10 daily training sessions, rats were first confined to one compartment of a testing chamber for 10 minutes. During this period (anticipatory phase) they were prevented(More)
In unanesthetized rats the intravenous administration of low doses of ethanol (0.125-0.5 g/kg) produced a dose-dependent increase (30-80%) in the firing rate of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA). In agreement with previous observations, a dose range between 0.5 and 2 g/mg of ethanol was needed to produce comparable stimulant(More)
Yawning was induced in rats by the (+) enantiomer of 3PPP, while (-)-3PPP was inactive. Yawning was present 24, but not 1, 6 and 12 h after reserpine treatment. The (+)-3PPP-induced yawning was antagonized by haloperidol and sulpiride but not by domperidone. Reserpine-induced yawning was antagonized by sulpiride and by alpha-methyltyrosine suggesting that(More)
The present paper reviews evidence on the effect of antidepressant treatments on dopamine transmission. Chronic treatment with antidepressant drugs potentiates the behavioural stimulant responses elicited by the stimulation of dopamine receptors, including reward-related behaviours. Moreover, antidepressants affect dopamine release in several brain areas.(More)
Vitamin A and its derivatives, retinoids, are involved in the regulation of gene expression by binding two nuclear receptor families, retinoic acid receptors and retinoid X receptors. Retinoid receptors are highly expressed in the striatum, revealing an involvement of this system in the control of movement as demonstrated by previous observations in(More)
Dietary (n-3) long-chain PUFA [(n-3) LCPUFA] ameliorate several metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, although the mechanisms of these beneficial effects are not fully understood. In this study, we compared the effects of dietary (n-3) LCPUFA, in the form of either fish oil (FO) or krill oil (KO) balanced for eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and(More)
Chronic treatment of rats with haloperidol (1 mg/kg twice daily for 4 weeks) induced repetitive vacuous chewing movements (VC), that persisted for over 72 h after haloperidol withdrawal. Haloperidol-induced VC were inhibited by the s.c. administration of the specific dopamine D1, receptor antagonist, SCH 23390 (0.025-0.100 mg/kg), in a dose-dependent(More)
A common action of chronic antidepressant treatments is the potentiation of dopaminergic transmission in the limbic system. We now report that chronic, but not acute, treatment with fluoxetine (2.5 mg/kg by intragastric gavage once a day for 21 days) potentiates the locomotor stimulant effect of quinpirole, a selective dopamine D2/D3 receptor agonist.(More)