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Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are a group of inherited metabolic disorders individually considered as rare, and few data on its prevalence has been reported in the literature. The overall birth prevalence of the 29 different LSDs studied in the Portuguese population was calculated to be 25/100000 live births, twice the prevalence previously described in(More)
A cross-sectional survey in individuals affected with the lysosomal storage disease Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) was conducted to establish demographics, urinary glycosaminoglycan (GAG) levels, and clinical progression of the disease. The survey evaluated 121 bona fide MPS VI-affected individuals over the age of 4 years from 15 countries across the(More)
Gaucher disease is the first lysosomal disorder for which clinically effective enzyme replacement therapy has been introduced. Lifelong treatment with imiglucerase, the recombinant glucocerebrosidase manufactured by the Genzyme Corporation (MA, USA), is administered intravenously - usually at biweekly intervals. An acute shortage of imiglucerase (to 20% of(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B, ARSB) gene. ARSB is a lysosomal enzyme involved in the degradation of the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dermatan and chondroitin sulfate. ARSB mutations reduce enzyme function and GAG(More)
Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficient activity of the α-Galactosidase A (α-Gal A) enzyme, which leads to abnormal accumulation of glycosphingolipids, mainly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), in the lysosome. Glycosphingolipids are known to be invariant Natural Killer T (iNKT) cell antigens. Several animal models of lysosomal storage(More)
Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by the decreased activity and/or stability of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCR). The available treatment consists in the intravenous administration of exogenous GCR, and is effective in reverting most of the symptoms. However, in terms of bone pathology, which is among the most disabling manifestations, a slow and(More)
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive neurodegenerative diseases comprising Batten and other related diseases plus numerous variants. They are characterized by progressive neuronal cell death. The CLN6 gene was recently identified, mutations in which cause one of the variant late infantile forms of NCL(More)
The Niemann-Pick type C is a rare metabolic disease with a severe neurodegenerative phenotype characterized by an accumulation of high amounts of lipids (cholesterol and sphingolipids) in the late endosomal/lysosomal network. It is caused by loss-of-function point mutations in either NPC1 or NPC2, which seem to mediate proper intracellular lipid transport(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (OMIM 250100) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ARSA, EC This disease affects mainly the nervous system, because patients cannot degrade 3-O-sulfo-galactosylceramide (sulfatide), a major myelin lipid. Here we describe the characterization of the biochemical effects of two(More)