Maria Chiara Zatelli

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNA. It has been demonstrated that miRNA expression is altered in many human cancers, suggesting that they may play a role in human neoplasia. To determine whether miRNA expression is altered in pituitary adenomas, we analyzed the entire miRNAome in 32 pituitary adenomas(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be associated with impairment of pituitary hormone secretion, which may contribute to long-term physical, cognitive, and psychological disability. We studied the occurrence and risk factors of pituitary dysfunction, including growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in 50 patients (mean age 37.6 +/- 2.4 years; 40 males, age 20-60(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of death and disability in young adults, with consequences ranging from physical disabilities to long-term cognitive, behavioural, psychological and social defects. Post-traumatic hypopituitarism (PTHP) was recognized more than 80 years ago, but it was thought to be a rare occurrence. Recently, clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) represents the majority of differentiated thyroid cancers, presenting the V600E activating BRAF mutation in 29-83% of cases. The aim of our study is to analyze the influence of BRAF mutation analysis on the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in patients with suspected PTC. DESIGN AND(More)
Elevated circulating chromogranin A (CgA) levels are found in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), but the diagnostic usefulness of this marker is still debatable. To assess the role of CgA for the diagnosis of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) NETs and the identification of metastatic patients, an Italian multicenter observational study has been performed. CgA was(More)
OBJECTIVE Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a highly chemoresistant malignant neoplasia deriving from parafollicular C cells. Chemotherapy failure has been ascribed, at least in part, to the overexpression by MTC of the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene, encoding a transmembrane glycoprotein [permeability glycoprotein (P-gp)] that antagonizes(More)
CONTEXT Cerebrovascular disease is highly prevalent in the general population, frequently leading to permanent invalidity and reduced quality of life. IGF-I is recognized as an important neuroprotective factor against cerebral hypoxic insult. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate pituitary function, in particular GH-IGF-I axis, in adult(More)
BACKGROUND Increased secretion of growth hormone leads to gigantism in children and acromegaly in adults; the genetic causes of gigantism and acromegaly are poorly understood. METHODS We performed clinical and genetic studies of samples obtained from 43 patients with gigantism and then sequenced an implicated gene in samples from 248 patients with(More)
Systemic illnesses are associated with alterations in the hypothalamic–pituitary–peripheral hormone axes, which represent part of the adaptive response to stressful events and may be influenced by type and severity of illness and/or pharmacological therapy. The pituitary gland responds to an acute stressful event with two secretory patterns:(More)
Micro RNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNAs, functioning as antisense regulators of other RNAs. miR-15a and miR-16-1 genes are located at chromosome 13q14, a region which is frequently deleted in pituitary tumors. An inverse correlation has been shown in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) between miR-15a and miR-16-1 expression and the expression(More)