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Somatostatin (SRIF) analogs interacting with SRIF receptor subtype (SSTR) 2 and SSTR5 are known to reduce secretion in GH-secreting pituitary adenomas. We investigated the effects of SRIF and a SSTR1 selective agonist, BIM-23926, on GH and prolactin (PRL) secretion and cell viability in primary cultures deriving from 15 GH- and PRL-secreting adenomas(More)
BACKGROUND Increased secretion of growth hormone leads to gigantism in children and acromegaly in adults; the genetic causes of gigantism and acromegaly are poorly understood. METHODS We performed clinical and genetic studies of samples obtained from 43 patients with gigantism and then sequenced an implicated gene in samples from 248 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) represents the majority of differentiated thyroid cancers, presenting the V600E activating BRAF mutation in 29-83% of cases. The aim of our study is to analyze the influence of BRAF mutation analysis on the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in patients with suspected PTC. DESIGN AND(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be associated with impairment of pituitary hormone secretion, which may contribute to long-term physical, cognitive, and psychological disability. We studied the occurrence and risk factors of pituitary dysfunction, including growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in 50 patients (mean age 37.6 +/- 2.4 years; 40 males, age 20-60(More)
OBJECTIVE Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a highly chemoresistant malignant neoplasia deriving from parafollicular C cells. Chemotherapy failure has been ascribed, at least in part, to the overexpression by MTC of the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene, encoding a transmembrane glycoprotein [permeability glycoprotein (P-gp)] that antagonizes(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) analogs interacting with SRIF receptor (SSTR) subtypes SSTR2 and SSTR5 reduce hormone secretion of pituitary adenomas, but their antiproliferative effects are still controversial. We investigated the in vitro effects of SRIF and SSTR-selective agonists interacting with SSTR1 (BIM-23926), SSTR2 (BIM-23120), SSTR5 (BIM-23206), or both(More)
Testosterone (T) is known to affect the growth hormone (GH) axis. However, the mechanisms underlying the activation of GH secretion by T still remain to be clarified. Available data in animals and humans have shown that withdrawal of somatostatin (SRIH) infusion induces a GH-releasing hormone (GHRH)-mediated rebound release of GH, and there is accumulating(More)
Mitotane is currently employed as adjuvant therapy as well as in the medical treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic agents. It was previously demonstrated that mitotane potentiates chemotherapeutic drugs cytotoxicity in cancer cells displaying chemoresistance due to P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an efflux pump(More)
Breast cancer cells are usually sensitive to several chemotherapeutic regimens, but they can develop chemoresistance after prolonged exposure to cytotoxic drugs, acquiring a more aggressive phenotype. Drug resistance might involve the multi-drug resistance (MDR) 1 gene, encoding a transmembrane glycoprotein p-170 (P-gp), which antagonizes intracellular(More)
A 52-yr-old woman presented with hypertension, elevated urinary vanillylmandelic acid, metanephrines, normetanephrines, and plasma chromogranin A (CgA), but normal urinary catecholamine levels. Abdominal ultrasonography and subsequent MRI imaging showed a 3 cm nodular lesion of the right adrenal gland also visualized by 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine(More)