Maria Chiara Cavallini

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Although white coat hypertension may be present in 20% or more of hypertensive individuals, its prognostic significance is unknown. We compared prognostically relevant measures of target-organ damage among 24 individuals with white coat hypertension and age- and sex-matched groups of sustained hypertensive and normotensive subjects classified by clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Although antidepressant drugs (ATD) are frequently prescribed to patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), their effect on cognitive status has been only rarely assessed. METHODS The impact of depressive symptoms and ATD on cognitive status was retrospectively assessed in 72 older AD outpatients with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment, treated(More)
OBJECTIVE Physiotherapy is usually provided only in the first few months after stroke, while its effectiveness and appropriateness in the chronic phase are uncertain. The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy of physiotherapy interventions on motor and functional outcomes late(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study investigated whether central blood pressure (BP) predicts cardiovascular (CV) events better than brachial BP in a cohort of normotensive and untreated hypertensive elderly individuals. BACKGROUND Limited and conflicting data have been reported on the prognostic relevance of central BP compared with brachial BP. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relation of the auscultatory gap during blood pressure measurement to cardiovascular structure and function. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A hypertension center in a university hospital. PATIENTS 168 persons with hypertension who were otherwise healthy and were not receiving medication. MEASUREMENTS Wideband external(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of Day Care (DC) on older subjects with dementia and their caregivers. METHODS Thirty patients with dementia, consecutively admitted to a DC, were compared with 30 patients, matched for age and cognitive function, who received usual home care (HC). Primary caregivers were compared as well. At baseline and after 2 months,(More)
Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI) in improving cognitive status and disability in subjects with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about the effectiveness of ChEI in clinical practice, and no large clinical trials comparing different ChEI are available at present. Aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke severely affects walking ability, and assessment of gait kinematics is important in defining diagnosis, planning treatment, and evaluating interventions in stroke rehabilitation. Although observational gait analysis is the most common approach to evaluate gait kinematics, tools useful for this purpose have received little attention in the(More)
IMPORTANCE The prognostic role of high blood pressure and the aggressiveness of blood pressure lowering in dementia are not well characterized. OBJECTIVE To assess whether office blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, or the use of antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) predict the progression of cognitive decline in patients with overt dementia and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the failure to decrease blood pressure normally during sleep is associated with more prominent target organ damage. METHODS Cardiac and vascular structure and function were characterized in 183 asymptomatic, unmedicated hypertensive patients and compared with their ambulatory blood pressures. RESULTS The 104 patients with(More)