Learn More
  • S Garte, L Gaspari, +63 authors E Taioli
  • 2001
Using the International Project on Genetic Susceptibility to Environmental Carcinogens (GSEC) database containing information on over 15,000 control (noncancer) subjects, the allele and genotype frequencies for many of the more commonly studied metabolic genes (CYP1A1, CYP2E1, CYP2D6, GSTM1, GSTT1, NAT2, GSTP, and EPHX) in the human population were(More)
Genetic predisposition, environmental toxins and aging contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) multifactorial etiology. Weak environmental neurotoxic factors may accumulate over time increasing the disease risk in genetically predisposed subjects. Polymorphic genes encoding drug-metabolizing-enzymes (DMEs) are considered to account for PD susceptibility by(More)
MPTP-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity involves major biochemical processes such as oxidative stress and impaired energy metabolism, leading to a significant reduction in the number of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi) is a phase II detoxifying enzyme that provides protection of cells from injury by toxic chemicals(More)
Brain defective cholesterol homeostasis has been associated with neurologic diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Huntington's disease. The elimination of cholesterol from the brain involves its conversion into 24(S)-hydroxycholesterol by CYP46A1, and the efflux of this oxysterol across the blood-brain barrier. Herein, we identified the regulatory elements and(More)
Here we report that colorectal cancer patients show a markedly higher frequency (3-fold) of wild-type NAT2*4 allele homozygotes than the control population. However, a marked difference in NAT2*4/NAT2*4 genotype frequency associated with the patients gender was observed pointing to a male-specific effect of this genotype as a risk factor in colon cancer.(More)
The epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (apoE) is found more commonly among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) than in the normal population. ApoE is associated with brain amyloid, a component of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), which is both a pathological feature of AD and a frequent cause of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We hypothesized(More)
Aging perturbs the expression of many liver proteins, but the mechanisms remain unresolved. Expression of hepatic NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase, phenobarbital-induced CYP2B1&2, and the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) decline as a function of aging. We examined the effect of aging on the expression of the mRNA transcripts of these proteins, as(More)
In order to elucidate the molecular basis of phenylketonuria (PKU) in Portugal, a detailed study of the Portuguese mutant phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) genes was performed. A total of 222 mutant alleles from 111 PKU families were analysed for 26 mutations and restriction fragment length polymorphismlvariable number tandem repeat (RFLP/VNTR) haplotypes. It(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) has been implicated in DNA repair mechanisms and the associated activity shown to markedly increase after DNA damage in carcinogen-treated cells. A defective DNA repair has been associated to the aetiology of human cancers. In order to assess the potential role of this enzyme in cellular response to DNA damage by(More)
  • 1