Maria Caterina Baccari

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In the circular muscle of the rabbit gastric corpus, the nitric oxide-synthesis inhibitor L-NG-nitro arginine (L-NOARG), enhanced the neurally-induced cholinergic responses evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) and ganglionic stimulating agents (nicotine, dimethylphenyl piperazinium iodide). The muscular contractions caused by acetylcholine (Ach) and(More)
BACKGROUND Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a pleiotropic hormone synthesized and secreted by the enteroendocrine 'L' cells able to exert intestine-trophic and anti-inflammatory effects. The antineoplastic drug cisplatin causes gastrointestinal alterations with clinical symptoms (nausea and vomiting) that greatly affect the therapy compliance.(More)
The effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP-38) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) were investigated in the gastric fundus strips of the mouse. In carbachol (CCh) precontracted strips, in the presence of guanethidine, electrical field stimulation (EFS) elicited a fast inhibitory response that may be followed, at the highest(More)
The influence of the putative inhibitory neurotransmitters nitric oxide (NO), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) was examined on the contractile responses elicited, either by electrical field stimulation (EFS) or exogenous acetylcholine (Ach), in strips of the circular muscle of the rabbit gastric corpus. Muscular(More)
Relaxant responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) were investigated in the gastric longitudinal fundus strips from young normal and mdx dystrophic mice, an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In carbachol (CCh) precontracted strips from normal mice, EFS elicited brisk relaxant responses that, depending on stimulation frequency, could be(More)
The presence of orexins and their receptors in the gastrointestinal tract supports a local action of these peptides. Aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of orexin A (OXA) on the relaxant responses of the mouse gastric fundus. Mechanical responses of gastric strips were recorded via force-displacement transducers. The presence of orexin(More)
The effects of the nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitors, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced inhibitory responses were investigated. EFS caused, in strips contracted by means of substance P (SP), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), or carbachol (CCh), a fast relaxant(More)
Orexin A (OXA) and orexin B (OXB) are recently discovered neuropeptides that appear to play a role in various distinct functions such as arousal and the sleep-wake cycle as well as on appetite and regulation of feeding and energy homeostasis. Orexins were first described as neuropeptides expressed by a specific population of neurons in the lateral(More)
The peptide hormone relaxin, which attains high circulating levels during pregnancy, has been shown to depress small-bowel motility through a nitric oxide (NO)-mediated mechanism. In the present study we investigated whether relaxin also influences gastric contractile responses in mice. Female mice in proestrus or estrus were treated for 18 h with relaxin(More)
Relaxin is involved in a variety of functions. Among them, relaxin influences gastrointestinal motility in mice mainly regulating the biosynthesis of nitric oxide, considered as the main substance causing smooth muscle relaxations. Relaxin is able to regulate the different nitric oxide synthase expression depending on the gut region considered. Relaxin also(More)