Maria Carolina S. Soares

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The cyanobacteria Planktothrix agardhii and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii are bloom-forming species common in eutrophic freshwaters. These filamentous species share certain physiological traits which imply that they might flourish under similar environmental conditions. We compared the distribution of the two species in a large database (940 samples)(More)
Based on a literature survey, we evaluated the periods of cyanobacterial dominance in Brazil. We hypothesized that variability of environmental forces along the country will promote or facilitate temporal and spatial mosaic in cyanobacterial dominance. The most striking outcomes are related to the dominance of Cylindrospermopsis, Dolichospermum, and(More)
Laboratory experiments were used to test the hypothesis that feeding and growth of the zooplankton grazer Daphnia magna will decrease with increasing proportions of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in the diet (mixed feeds with the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus). A strain of C. raciborskii, which does not produce cylindrospermopsin but(More)
The present study aimed to test the effects of raw water samples from a eutrophic reservoir and of a saxitoxin-producing strain of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii on the swimming behavior of 2 key herbivore species of Daphnia. Two complementary approaches were used, acute bioassays and behavioral assays using an automated movement tracking system for(More)
Toxicity and morphology may function as defense mechanisms of bloom-forming cyanobacteria against zooplankton grazing. Yet, the relative importance of each of these factors and their plasticity remains poorly known. We tested the effects of chemical and morphological traits of the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii on the feeding(More)
Bioassays using Daphnia pulex and Moina micrura were designed to detect cyanobacterial neurotoxins in raw water samples. Phytoplankton and cyanotoxins from seston were analyzed during 15 months in a eutrophic reservoir. Effective time to immobilize 50% of the exposed individuals (ET50) was adopted as the endpoint. Paralysis of swimming movements was(More)
This study evaluates the potential for the use of cladocerans in biomonitoring of cyanobacterial toxins. Two zooplankton species (Daphnia gessneri and Moina micrura) were cultivated in the laboratory for use in acute (48 h) and chronic (10 days) bioassays. Water samples were collected from two reservoirs and diluted in mineral water at four concentrations.(More)
SETTING A major university in São Paulo, Brazil, where vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) was routinely offered to first-year medical and nursing students. OBJECTIVES To estimate the probability of negative tuberculin skin test (TST) results over a 4-year period following BCG revaccination, and to evaluate the effect(More)
Toxic effects of freshwater cyanobacteria on mesozooplankton partially depend on the feeding strategies, generalist (cladocera) or selective filter-feeders (copepod) and on the type of toxin. Blooms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales) are increasingly more common in freshwaters. It can produce neurotoxins (paralytic shellfish poison, PSP),(More)
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