Maria Carlota Vaz Patto

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A collection of Portuguese maize accessions representing a valuable source of genes for introduction into modern cultivars is stored at the Portuguese Plant Germplasm Bank (Banco Português de Germoplasma Vegetal—BPGV). To assess genetic diversity among inbreds, microsatellite analysis was carried out for 54 inbred lines representing the diversity of(More)
Model plants are facilitating the genetic characterization and comparative mapping of a number of traditional crops. Medicago truncatula has been widely accepted as a model plant to this end as it provides the essential tools for multiple aspects of legume genetics and genomics. A large set of markers from highly conserved M. truncatula gene regions is(More)
Modern agriculture and conventional breeding and the liberal use of high inputs has resulted in the loss of genetic diversity and the stagnation of yields in cereals in less favourable areas. Increasingly landraces are being replaced by modern cultivars which are less resilient to pests, diseases and abiotic stresses and thereby losing a valuable source of(More)
In a previous study a genetic map had been developed using a RIL population derived from a cross between the Pisum sativum ssp. syriacum accession P665 and the P. sativum ssp. sativum cv. Messire. This population segregated for several agricultural important traits and was successfully used to identify QTLs (Quantitative Trait Loci) controlling resistance(More)
Several Lathyrus species and in particular Lathyrus sativus (grass pea) have great agronomic potential as grain and forage legume, especially in drought conditions. Grass pea is rightly considered as one of the most promising sources of calories and protein for the vast and expanding populations of drought-prone and marginal areas of Asia and Africa. It is(More)
 Seven F2 families of faba bean descendent from plants trisomic for chromosomes 3, 4, 5 and 6 were analyzed for isozyme markers and two of these were also studied for morphological and RAPD markers and seed-protein genes. Linkage analysis revealed 14 linkage groups, 8 of which were unambiguously assigned to specific chromosomes. Several QTLs for seed weight(More)
In this paper we review the existence of sources of resistance and the various available screening methods for resistance in grain legumes against the airborne pathogens powdery mildews, downy mildews and rusts. Available resistance against these pathogens is not abundant and is particularly in risk of erosion owing to the constant generation and(More)
In cereals, rust fungi are among the most harmful pathogens. Breeders usually rely on short-lived hypersensitivity resistance. As an alternative, "avoidance" may be a more durable defence mechanism to protect plants to rust fungi. In Hordeum chilense avoidance is based on extensive wax covering of stomata, which interferes with the induction of(More)
The Portuguese maize bread (“broa”) manufactured from traditional maize landraces still plays an important economic and social role on Central and Northern rural communities of the country. However the traditional maize landraces agricultural systems are changing. Local maize landraces are in risk of disappearing because of the progressive adoption of(More)
Several Lathyrus species have a considerable potential as alternative pulses in sustainable dryland farming systems mainly due to their high tolerance to drought and disease resistance. Powdery mildew is a serious disease affecting several Lathyrus species. Little is known on the availability of resistance and the underlying resistance mechanisms against(More)