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Attempts have been made to increase nutrient availability for milk production by increasing feed intake, optimizing ruminal fermentation, and supplementing nutrients to the diet that will escape ruminal degradation. Energy and N are the nutritional factors that most often limit microbial growth and milk production. Ruminal fermentation and flow of microbial(More)
Five Holstein cows were used in a 5 x 5 Latin square design and fed diets containing five different ratios of starch from ground shelled corn and steam-rolled barley. The DMI decreased and both the proportions of OM and starch digested in the rumen increased as barley starch increased in the diet. Corn and barley starches fed in a ratio of 75:25 maximized(More)
The number of Boer crossbred meat goats has been increasing rapidly, although how their growth and slaughter traits compare with those of Spanish goats and influences of maternal genotype have not been thoroughly evaluated. This information would be useful to achieve optimal meat goat production systems and yield of goat products desired by consumers.(More)
Four midlactation, multiparous Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to determine the effects of supplementing urea or starch or both to diets containing fish meal on passage of nutrients to the small intestine and performance of lactating cows. The treatments (in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement) were(More)
Boer (3/4) x Spanish (1/4) (BC; n = 23) and Spanish (SP; n = 22) goat wethers, 4 to 4.5 mo of age and 17.6 and 19.4 kg initial BW, respectively (SE = 0.57), were used to determine effects on growth of protein concentration in 70% concentrate diets provided for ad libitum intake for 30 wk in confinement. Offered diets contained 10.2, 14.2, 18.3, and 23.6% CP(More)
Twenty Holstein cows, averaging 108 d postpartum, were used in five replicated 4 x 4 Latin squares to investigate the effects of feed processing and frequency of feeding on ruminal fermentation, milk production, and milk composition. Four rumen-fistulated cows were used in one of the replicates to monitor ruminal fermentation. Each cow was fed for ad(More)
Four Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and T-type duodenal cannulas were utilized in a 4 x 4 Latin square design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. The TMR contained 25% alfalfa haylage, 25% corn silage, and 50% concentrate and provided either 16.4 or 19.6% CP, with ruminal degradability calculated to be 30 or 45%. Intakes of DM, OM, ADF,(More)
The objective was to determine the effects of altering ruminal CP degradation of soybean meal (SBM) by roasting (Exp. 1) on ruminal characteristics and extents of in situ disappearance of DM, OM, and fiber components (Exp. 2). A control diet (8.2% CP) containing oat hulls, corn silage, starch grits, ammoniated corn cobs, and molasses was supplemented to(More)
The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the effects of amount of dietary CP and ruminally protected AA supplementation on production of milk and milk components, ruminal fermentation, and nutrient digestibilities by cows fed diets containing high oil corn and tallow. Holstein cows in midlactation producing 22 to 25 kg/d of milk were used in a(More)
Four multiparous Holstein cows were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square to investigate the effects of bST and postruminal infusion of lysine and methionine on ruminal fermentation, flow of nutrients to the small intestine, and animal performance. The treatments were 1) control; 2) control plus 24 g of lysine and 8 g of methionine/d; 3) control plus 25 mg of bST/d;(More)