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Necroptosis is considered to be complementary to the classical caspase-dependent programmed cell death pathway, apoptosis. The pseudokinase Mixed Lineage Kinase Domain-Like (MLKL) is an essential effector protein in the necroptotic cell death pathway downstream of the protein kinase Receptor Interacting Protein Kinase-3 (RIPK3). How MLKL causes cell death(More)
Much effort has been put in the discovery of ways to selectively kill p53-deficient tumor cells and targeting cell cycle checkpoint pathways has revealed promising candidates. Studies in zebrafish and human cell lines suggested that the DNA damage response kinase, checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1), not only regulates onset of mitosis but also cell death in(More)
P53-induced protein with a death domain (PIDD) has been described as primary p53 target gene, induced upon DNA damage. More than 10 years after its discovery, its physiological role in the DNA damage response remains enigmatic, as it seems to be able to execute life-death decisions in vitro, yet genetic ablation in mice failed to reveal an obvious(More)
The pseudokinase MLKL (mixed lineage kinase domain-like) was identified recently as an essential checkpoint in the programmed necrosis or 'necroptosis' cell death pathway. In the present study, we report the crystal structure of the human MLKL pseudokinase domain at 1.7 Å (1 Å=0.1 nm) resolution and probe its nucleotide-binding mechanism by performing(More)
Humans encode two inflammatory caspases that detect cytoplasmic LPS, caspase-4 and caspase-5. When activated, these trigger pyroptotic cell death and caspase-1-dependent IL-1β production; however the mechanism underlying this process is not yet confirmed. We now show that a specific NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, prevents caspase-4/5-dependent IL-1β production(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major problem in cancer treatment, and it is frequently associated with failure of tumor cells to undergo apoptosis. Birinapant, a clinical SMAC mimetic, had been designed to mimic the interaction between inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) and SMAC/Diablo, thereby relieving IAP-mediated caspase inhibition and promoting(More)
Necroptosis is a caspase-independent form of regulated cell death that has been implicated in the development of a range of inflammatory, autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases. The pseudokinase, Mixed Lineage Kinase Domain-Like (MLKL), is the most terminal known obligatory effector in the necroptosis pathway, and is activated following phosphorylation(More)
The pseudokinase, MLKL (mixed-lineage kinase domain-like), is the most terminal obligatory component of the necroptosis cell death pathway known. Phosphorylation of the MLKL pseudokinase domain by the protein kinase, receptor interacting protein kinase-3 (RIPK3), is known to be the key step in MLKL activation. This phosphorylation event is believed to(More)
The pseudokinase MLKL (mixed lineage kinase domain-like), has recently emerged as a critical component of the necroptosis cell death pathway. Although it is clear that phosphorylation of the activation loop in the MLKL pseudokinase domain by the upstream protein kinase RIPK3 (receptor-interacting protein kinase-3), is crucial to trigger MLKL activation, it(More)
Differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells into effector (Th1, Th2, and Th17) and induced regulatory (iTreg) T cells requires lineage-specifying transcription factors and epigenetic modifications that allow appropriate repression or activation of gene transcription. The epigenetic silencing of cytokine genes is associated with the repressive H3K27(More)