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Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase critical for both cardiomyocyte survival and sarcomeric assembly during endothelin (ET)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ET-induced FAK activation requires upstream activation of one or more isoenzymes of protein kinase C (PKC). Therefore, with the use of replication-defective(More)
Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2) is a member of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) family of nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases. PYK2 has been implicated in linking G protein-coupled receptors to activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades and cellular growth in a variety of cell types. To determine whether PYK2 expression and(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) epsilon and PKCdelta translocation in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) is accompanied by subsequent activation of the ERK, JNK, and p38(MAPK) cascades; however, it is not known if either or both novel PKCs are necessary for their downstream activation. Use of PKC inhibitors to answer this question is complicated by a lack of(More)
The nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2) has been implicated in cell signaling pathways involved in left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure, but its exact role has not been elucidated. In this study, replication-defective adenoviruses (Adv) encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged, wild-type (WT), and(More)
Cardiomyocytes express several isoenzymes of protein kinase C (PKC), which as a group have been implicated in the induction of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and its transition to heart failure. Individual PKC isoenzymes also require transphosphorylation and autophosphorylation for enzymatic activity. To determine whether PKC isoenzyme expression and(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase involved in adhesion-dependent signal transduction. FAK is highly expressed in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) and undergoes tyrosine autophosphorylation in response to cell adhesion, stretch, and growth factor stimulation. We previously showed that inhibition of FAK(More)
Patients with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure display abnormally slowed myocardial relaxation, which is associated with downregulation of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) gene expression. We previously showed that SERCA2 downregulation can be simulated in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) by treatment with the protein(More)
The myristoylated, alanine-rich protein kinase C substrate (MARCKS) is a cytoskeletal protein implicated in the regulation of cell spreading, stress fiber formation, and focal adhesion assembly in nonmuscle cells. However, its precise role in cardiomyocyte growth, and its PKC-dependent regulation have not been fully explored. In this report, we show that(More)
Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase that links G-protein-coupled receptors to activation of MAPK cascades and cellular growth. In smooth muscle and other cell types, PYK2 activation is dependent on either Ca(2+) or protein kinase C (PKC), and we have previously shown that endothelin-1 (ET) activates PYK2 in adult(More)
PYK2 is a Ca(2+)-dependent, nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase that is involved in the induction of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and its transition to heart failure. We and others have previously investigated PYK2's function in vitro using cultured neonatal and adult rat ventricular myocytes as model systems. However, the function of PYK2 in the in(More)