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A variation in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val(108/158)Met) affects the physiological response of hippocampal-prefrontal circuits, predicts variation in human memory and is associated with increased risk for psychiatric disorders. Using optimized voxel-based morphometry we studied the effect of this functional polymorphism on the anatomy of(More)
PURPOSE Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are among the most common clinical manifestations of conversion disorder and consist of paroxysmal behavior that resembles epileptic seizures. Preliminary data from functional neuroimaging studies gave plausible evidence that limbic circuits and sensorimotor cortex might be engaged in conversion disorder.(More)
We used fMRI to investigate the neurofunctional basis of externally and internally timed movements in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Ten PD patients whose medication had been withheld for at least 18h and 11 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were scanned while performing continuation paradigm with a visual metronome. Compared with the controls, PD(More)
BACKGROUND Although a growing body of evidence has highlighted the role of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) in the management of cognitive dysfunctions in multiple sclerosis (MS), there is still no evidence for a validated therapeutic approach. OBJECTIVE We propose a new therapeutic strategy characterized by a computer-based intensive attention training(More)
The cerebellar contribution to motor entrainment through rhythmic auditory stimuli was analyzed by comparing rhythmic motor responses in subjects with cerebellar pathologies and in healthy controls. Eleven patients with cerebellar lesions and eight healthy subjects tapped in synchrony with an auditory rhythmic stimulus using a hand-held pencil-shaped(More)
Affective disorders are frequent and disabling conditions in multiple sclerosis; however, the underlying neurobiological mechanisms are still poorly understood and investigated. Previous structural imaging studies have suggested that damage of frontal and temporal cortices plays an important role in the genesis of emotional disorders in multiple sclerosis,(More)
The effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is in its relative infancy, and nowadays there is insufficient information to support evidence-based clinical protocols. This study is aimed at testing a validated therapeutic strategy characterized by intensive computer-based attention-training program tailored to attention(More)
The dopaminergic modulation of prefrontal function in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been consistently demonstrated. There is evidence that the effects of pharmacological manipulations on cognitive performances are described by an "Inverted-U" shaped curve. Neuroimaging studies performed before and after an overnight withdrawal from therapy showed significant(More)
BACKGROUND Previous evidence has shown that genetic variations in the serotonergic system contribute to individual differences in personality traits germane to impulse control. The monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) gene, coding for an enzyme primarily involved in serotonin and noradrenaline catabolism, presents a well-characterized functional polymorphism(More)
Relatively little is known about genetic determinants of cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis (MS). A growing body of evidence demonstrates that a functional variant of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, the Val(66)Met polymorphism, contributes to poor hippocampal and prefrontal functions, particularly memory processes, in healthy(More)