Maria C Brown

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Wallerian degeneration of the distal stump of a severed peripheral nerve involves invasion by myelomonocytic cells, whose presence is necessary for destruction of myelin and for initiating mitosis in Schwann cells (Beuche and Friede, 1984). Degeneration of the distal ends of the axons themselves is assumed to occur by autolytic mechanisms. We describe a(More)
1. The events taking place during the elimination of polyneuronal innervation in the soleus muscle of new-born rats have been studied using a combination of electrophysiological and anatomical techniques. 2. Each immature muscle fibre is supplied by two or more motor axons which converge on to a single end-plate. There was no sign of electrical coupling(More)
Using mAbs and immunocytochemistry we have examined the response of macrophages (M phi) after crush injury to the sciatic or optic nerve in the mouse and rat. We have established that large numbers of M phi enter peripheral nerves containing degenerating axons; the M phi are localized to the portion containing damaged axons, and they phagocytose myelin. The(More)
1. Longitudinal vibration was applied to the de-efferented soleus muscle of anaesthetized cats while recording the discharge of single afferent fibres from the proprioceptors within the muscle. Conditions were defined under which vibration can be used to excite selectively the primary endings of muscle spindles without exciting the secondary endings of(More)
1. The capacity of motor units to sprout after partial denervation and the ability of regenerating axons to suppress newly formed sprouts was examined in mouse skeletal muscle. Most experiments were performed on the peroneus tertius muscle which has 300 muscle fibres and eleven motor units ranging in strength from 1 to 35% of the total muscle tension. 2.(More)
The levels of NGF and NGF receptor mRNA, the degree of macrophage recruitment, and the ability of sensory and motor axons to regenerate were measured in C57BL/Ola mice, in which Wallerian degeneration following a nerve lesion is very slow. Results were compared with those from C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice, in which degeneration is normal. We found that in(More)
In a substrain of C57BL mice, C57BL/Ola, Wallerian degeneration in the distal segment of the severed sciatic nerve is extremely slow when compared to other mice. Despite this very slow degeneration in the distal segment regeneration of the motor nerves is not impaired. From suitable genetic outcrosses and backcrosses, the authors provide evidence that the(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine the fate of neuromuscular junctions in C57BL/WldS mice (formerly known as OLA mice) after nerve injury. When a peripheral nerve is injured, the distal axons normally degenerate within 1-3 days. For motor axons, an early event is deterioration of motor nerve terminals at neuromuscular junctions. Previously, the(More)