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The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of influenza-related encephalitis in Sweden during 11.5 years. Studies from Japan report an increased incidence of influenza-related encephalitis/encephalopathy. Few other studies are available. We conducted a retrospective register-based study on the Swedish National Inpatient Register, which covers(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is constantly associated with AIDS-related primary lymphomas of the central nervous system (CNS). To assess whether EBV DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could be used as a tumour marker, CSF samples that had been taken within 180 days before death from 85 patients with HIV infection and neurological disorders at necropsy were(More)
Experimental studies in humans have yielded evidence that adaptive immune function, including the production of antigen-specific antibodies, is distinctly impaired when sleep is deprived at the time of first antigen exposure. Here we examined the effects of a regular 24- hour sleep-wake cycle (including 8 hours of nocturnal sleep) and a 24-hour period of(More)
BACKGROUND The analysis of the nonstructural (NS) gene of the highly pathogenic (HP) H5N1 avian influenza viruses (AIV) isolated in Sweden early 2006 indicated the co-circulation of two sub-lineages of these viruses at that time. In order to complete the information on their genetic features and relation to other HP H5N1 AIVs the seven additional genes of(More)
Herpes simplex encephalitis is a devastating disease. In the early 1980s our group conducted a nationwide clinical trial of acyclovir versus vidarabine in patients with herpes simplex encephalitis in whom intrathecal herpes simplex virus (HSV) antibodies were assayed. The purpose of this study was to investigate if antibody levels and viral load correlate(More)
The immunity to pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in Sweden before and after the outbreaks in 2009 and 2010 was investigated in a seroepidemiological study. Serum samples were collected at four time points: during 2007 (n = 1968), in October 2009 (n = 2218), in May 2010 (n = 2638) and in May 2011 (n = 2513) and were tested for hemagglutination inhibition (HI)(More)
The modern medical treatment of HIV with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has drastically reduced the morbidity and mortality in patients infected with this virus. ART has also been shown to reduce the transmission risk from individual patients as well as the spread of the infection at the population level. This position statement from the Public Health Agency(More)
Virus reactivations and serology patterns following first-line therapy with alemtuzumab or fludarabine-based combination therapy in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia Alemtuzumab (Campath, MabCampath) is a monoclonal antibody targeting the CD52 antigen. Recent guidelines recommend that this agent should be considered as first-line treatment in(More)
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