Maria Bonaria Salis

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BACKGROUND The neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF) regulates neuron survival and differentiation. Implication in neovascularization is supported by statement of NGF and its high-affinity receptor at vascular level and by NGF property of stimulating vascular endothelial cell proliferation. The present study investigated the involvement of endogenous NGF(More)
We evaluated the systemic hemodynamic effects induced by nociceptin (NC) and NC-related peptides, including the NC receptor antagonist [Phe1psi(CH2-NH)Gly2]NC(1-13)NH2 ([F/G]NC(1-13)NH2) in unanesthetized normotensive Swiss Morini mice. Bolus intravenous injection of NC decreased mean blood pressure and heart rate. The hypotensive response to 10 nmol/kg NC(More)
Proteinase-activated receptors (PAR-2) are expressed by the cardiovascular system and mediate vasodilation, plasma protein extravasation, and endothelial cell proliferation, all regarded as essential steps for neovascularization. We investigated the angiogenic action of PAR-2 signaling in vivo. The effect of the PAR-2 activating peptide (PAR-2AP,(More)
BACKGROUND The activation of B(2) receptors by kinins could exert cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS To test whether the absence of bradykinin B(2) receptors may affect cardiac structure and function, we examined the developmental changes in blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and heart morphology of(More)
We investigated whether local delivery of the tissue kallikrein gene induces angiogenesis in normoperfused mouse hindlimb muscles. Intramuscular injection of adenovirus containing the human tissue kallikrein gene under the control of a cytomegalovirus enhancer/promoter sequence resulted in local production and release of recombinant human tissue kallikrein,(More)
Nociceptin, a novel opioid peptide, and its ORL(1) receptor share structural similarities with other opioid ligands and receptors. Although NC exerts evident cardiovascular effects at a central and peripheral level, its role in homeostatic mechanisms and disease states are just beginning to be understood, as only recently selective receptor antagonists(More)
BACKGROUND Human tissue kallikrein (HK) releases kinins from kininogen. We investigated whether adenovirus-mediated HK gene delivery is angiogenic in the context of ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS Hindlimb ischemia, caused by femoral artery excision, increased muscular capillary density (P:<0.001) and induced the expression of kinin B(1) receptor gene(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular insufficiency represents a major cause of end-organ failure among diabetics. METHODS AND RESULTS In streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, we evaluated the potential of human tissue kallikrein (hTK) gene as a sole therapy against peripheral microangiopathy. Local delivery of hTK gene halted the progression of microvascular(More)
Hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation can contribute to revascularization of ischemic tissues. Yet, the optimal cell population to be transplanted has yet to be determined. We have compared the therapeutic potential of two subsets of human cord blood CD34+ progenitors, either expressing the VEGF-A receptor 2 (KDR) or not. In serum-free starvation(More)
Diabetes macro- and microvascular disease causes tissue hypoperfusion. This deficit, together with a failure to mount an adequate angiogenic response, might explain why vascular occlusion evolves more severely among diabetic patients. The present study investigated whether prophylactic gene therapy with human tissue kallikrein (hTK) may protect diabetic(More)