Maria Beatriz Cardoso Ferreira

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Different effects upon the nociceptive response have been observed with exposure to acute and chronic stress in rats. In the present study we repeatedly submitted rats to restraint for 40 days, inducing hyperalgesia using the tail-flick test. A new session of acute stress was applied at the end of 40 days period, and the chronically-stressed animals(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who undergo surgery experience acute psychological distress in the preoperative period. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the effect of risk factors for preoperative anxiety in adults. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed with 592 inpatients scheduled for elective surgery. Age ranged from 18 to 60 years(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmaceutical care programs may be an option to improve blood pressure (BP) control in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pharmaceutical care programs in treating patients with resistant hypertension. METHODS In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, 71 patients with uncontrolled(More)
BACKGROUND Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that is influenced by physiologic, sensory, affective, cognitive, socio-cultural, and behavioral factors. Consistent with the perspective to improve the postoperative pain control, the present study has the purpose of assessing the effect of presurgical clinical factors, psychological and demographic(More)
Neonates, infants and children are often exposed to pain from invasive procedures during intensive care and during the post-operative period. Opioid anesthesia and post-operative opioid analgesia have been used in infants and result in clinical benefits. The objectives of this study were to verify the effect of repeated 5 microg morphine administration(More)
Adult male rats bilaterally implanted with guide canullae aimed either at the dorsal hippocampus (dHIP) or the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) were trained in a step-down inhibitory avoidance task (IA) and tested for retention 24 h after training. Immediately after training, animals were given a bilateral infusion of the N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety is defined as a set of behavioural manifestations that can be divided into state- and trait-anxiety. State-anxiety is a transitory emotional condition that varies in intensity and fluctuates over time. Trait-anxiety is a personality trait which remains relatively stable over time. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify(More)
We have previously observed that, while acute stress induces analgesia, chronic stress causes a hyperalgesic response in male rats. No effect was observed in females. There is increasing evidence that both ATP and adenosine can modulate pain. Extracellular ATP and ADP are hydrolyzed by an apyrase in synaptosomes from the peripheral and central nervous(More)
In a double blind, placebo-controlled trial, we have assessed the effects of pre-operative anxiolysis on postoperative pain scores in 112 ASA I-II women, aged 18-65 years, scheduled to undergo total abdominal hysterectomy. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive either oral diazepam 10 mg (n=56) or placebo (n=56) pre-operatively. Postoperative anxiety,(More)
Adult male Wistar rats were given either a single training trial or one training trial per day during 3 days followed by a retention test trial in an inhibitory avoidance (IA) task. In animals given a single training trial, pretraining, but not pretest bilateral infusion of the NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist d,l-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP5)(More)