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Maria Barbi, Simona Cocco and Michel Peyrard 1 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá degli Studi di Firenze, Largo E. Fermi, 2 50125 Firenze, Italy 2 Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche Universitá di Roma ”La Sapienza” P.le A. Moro, 5 00185 Roma, Italy 3 Laboratoire de Physique, CNRS URA 1325, Ecole Normale Supérieure de(More)
The real mechanisms of several biological processes involving DNA are not yet understood. We discuss here some aspects of the initiation of transcription, in particular the formation of the open complex and the activation mechanism associated to enhancer binding proteins. Transcription activation seems to be governed by underlying dynamical mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND A simple and reliable diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection is necessary both for clinical and epidemiological purposes. This could be accomplished through the demonstration of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in blood spots (DBS) on Guthrie cards. OBJECTIVES (1) To assess the sensitivity and specificity of the method (DBS test) in(More)
Magnetic tweezers were used to study the mechanical response under torsion of single nucleosome arrays reconstituted on tandem repeats of 5S positioning sequences. Regular arrays are extremely resilient and can reversibly accommodate a large amount of supercoiling without much change in length. This behavior is quantitatively described by a molecular model(More)
We study the static and dynamical properties of DNA in the vicinity of its melting transition, i.e., the separation of the two strands upon heating. The investigation is based on a simple mechanical model which includes the helicoidal geometry of the molecule and allows an exact numerical evaluation of its thermodynamical properties. Dynamical simulations(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most frequent congenital infection in humans and can cause permanent damage--particularly neurological--in about 20% of those infected, with or without symptoms at birth. Laboratory diagnosis is essential on account of the relatively non-specific clinical manifestations in symptomatic newborns but also because of the(More)
The possibility that the sliding motion of proteins on DNA is influenced by the base sequence through a base pair reading interaction, is considered. Referring to the case of the T7 RNA-polymerase, we show that the protein should follow a noise-influenced sequence-dependent motion which deviate from the standard random walk usually assumed. The general(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the virulence of the infecting cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain in the transmission of the virus from mother to fetus and the outcome of the fetal infection has not received much attention yet. Molecular analysis of the gene coding for the surface glycoprotein B (gB) has been used to investigate the relationship between genotype and(More)
AIMS Human Enteroviruses (HEVs) infections have a significant impact on public health, being implicated in outbreaks of meningitis, encephalitis, hand-foot-mouth disease and other acute and chronic manifestation. In the strategic plan for poliomyelitis eradication, the environmental surveillance of poliovirus (PV) has been identified by the World Health(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most frequent congenital infection in humans. Its prevalence and the frequency of disabling sequelae must be assessed in different populations to permit the formulation or assessment of preventive measures. OBJECTIVES To check the prevalence of congenital infection and seroprevalence in Italy; to verify(More)