Maria B Ristig

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BACKGROUND Transmission of drug-resistant virus in HIV-1 infected individuals is well documented, particularly in patients with primary infection. Prevalence in chronically infected antiretroviral-naïve patients is reportedly low. Routine genotyping in this population is not recommended. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate resistance(More)
A significant proportion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients are coinfected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Currently available treatments for chronic hepatitis B (interferon [IFN]-alpha and lamivudine [3TC]) have limited long-term utility because of side effects or of the development of resistance. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a(More)
From 1999 to 2001, the overall prevalence of resistance in the antiretroviral (ART)-naive population in St. Louis, Missouri, was 17%. We sought to determine if resistance testing in ART-naive HIV-positive pregnant women identified resistant mutations, which would modify our initial choice of therapy. A retrospective chart review was performed on all(More)
There is increasing concern that patients with chronic HIV infection may be at increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can evolve into nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. Multiple factors have been hypothesized to be necessary for the development and progression of this condition. Potential risk factors, which tend(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV co-infected patients. The standard of care for treating HCV co-infection has been guided by major clinical trials, but the treatment of HBV co-infection has not been as thoroughly studied and the standard of care remains largely untested. The single pill formulation of(More)
Chronic viral hepatitis has emerged as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among HIV-positive patients. These individuals are at risk for aggressive chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and eventually, death. Currently available therapies for hepatitis B are limited and include interferon-alpha, lamivudine(More)
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