Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study aims to determine antibacterial activities of Cocos nucifera (husk fiber), Ziziphus joazeiro (inner bark), Caesalpinia pyramidalis (leaves), aqueous extracts and Aristolochia cymbifera (rhizomes) alcoholic extract against Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus mutans and(More)
Chronic periodontitis is a highly prevalent endogenous polymicrobial disease. To better understand the etiology of the disease a quantitative approach is mandatory and real-time PCR is the molecular technique currently preferred to achieve this purpose. Taking into account that such a kind of study is still scarce, we aimed to evaluate the association(More)
Despite the importance of gastrointestinal diseases and their global distribution, affecting millions of individuals around the world, the role and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of anaerobic bacteria such as those in the Bacteroides fragilis group (BFG) are still unclear in young children. This study investigated the occurrence and distribution of(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to purify and characterize a bacteriocin produced by Eikenella corrodens A32E2. METHODS AND RESULTS Peptostreptococcus anaerobius ATCC27337 was used as indicator strain in antagonistic assays for bacteriocin-producing E. corrodens A32E2. Protein extraction was influenced by pH and buffer composition. The protein was(More)
LyeTx I, an antimicrobial peptide isolated from the venom of Lycosa erythrognatha, known as wolf spider, has been synthesised and its structural profile studied by using the CD and NMR techniques. LyeTx I has shown to be active against bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) and fungi (Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans) and able to(More)
To study the possible influence of intestinal micro-organisms on the course of strongyloidiasis in mice, a method was developed to obtain axenic infective larvae of Strongyloides venezuelensis. Cultured larvae from conventional mice were treated with sodium hypochlorite 0.25% for 10 min, washed in distilled water and then exposed to various combinations of(More)
A strain of Bacteroides fragilis, isolated from the marmoset Callithrix penicillata, produced protein(s) with bacteriocin activity (fragicilin). Two active fractions (36 and 150 kDa) were isolated by chromatography. The bacteriocin exhibited iso- and heteroantagonism. It remained stable between pH 3 and 10 and at 60 degrees C for 24 h. Pronase, trypsin,(More)
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate in vitro the production of antagonistic compounds against Gardnerella vaginalis by Lactobacillus strains isolated from women with or without bacterial vaginosis (BV), and to select one of the better Lactobacillus producers of such a substance to be tested in vivo using a gnotobiotic animal model(More)
An evaluation of the microbiota present in cutaneous ulcers from 31 patients with a clinical and parasitological diagnosis of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) was carried out by the standard filter paper disc technique, including antimicrobial susceptibility of the bacterial isolates. Microbial examination indicated that 21 patients (67.7%) were(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa commonly causes nosocomial bloodstream infections and the emergence of a variety of β-lactamases (BLs) is worrying. In 5 hospitals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, the presence of phenotypes encoding BL genes was established and the genetic diversity of the P. aeruginosa strains recovered from bloodstream infections was analyzed.(More)