Maria Ascensão Lopes

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Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nerve tube guides, made of a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers, poly(L-lactide): poly(glycolide) and covered with a neural cell line differentiated in vitro, were tested in vivo for promoting nerve regeneration across a 10-mm gap of the rat sciatic nerve. Before in vivo testing, the PLGA 90:10 tubes were(More)
The purpose of this study was to test in vivo two different nerve guides for promoting nerve regeneration across a 10-mm gap of the rat sciatic nerve: 1) one made of PLGA in a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers poly(L-lactide):poly(glycolide); 2) another made of (DL-lactide-epsilon-caprolactone) copolyester (Neurolac) tube, by comparing its(More)
Chitosan-silicate hybrids were synthesized using gamma-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPSM) as the agent for cross-linking the chitosan chains. CaCl2 was introduced in the hybrids in expectation that it would improve cell adhesion and differentiation of the hybrid surfaces. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and 29Si CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy(More)
We attempted to prepare chitosan-silicate hybrid for use in a medical application and evaluated the physico-chemical properties and osteocompatibility of the hybrids as a function of gamma-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) concentration. Chitosan-silicate hybrids were synthesized using GPTMS as the reagent for cross-linking of the chitosan chains.(More)
Silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite (Si-HA) coatings have been plasma sprayed over titanium substrates (Ti-6Al-4V) aiming to improve the bioactivity of the constructs for bone tissue repair/regeneration. X-ray diffraction analysis of the coatings has shown that, previous to the thermal deposition, no secondary phases were formed due to the incorporation of(More)
Recent histological studies have demonstrated that the substitution of silicate ions into hydroxyapatite (HA) significantly increases the rate of bone apposition to HA implants. The enhanced bioactivity of silicon-substituted HA (Si-HA) over pure HA has been attributed to the effect of silicate ions in accelerating dissolution. In the present study,(More)
It is recognized that the surface roughness affects osteoblastic differentiation, but little information is available regarding its effect on osteoclastogenesis. With this work, the osteoclastogenic behaviour of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), cultured isolated (1.5×10(6)cellscm(-2)) or co-cultured with human bone marrow cells (hBMCs;(More)
The purpose of this study was to test in vivo two different nerve guides, one of PLGA made of a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers, Poly(L-lactide):Poly(glycolide), with (DL-lactide-epsilon-caprolactone) copolyester (Neurolac) tube, in promoting nerve regeneration across a 10 mm-gap of the rat sciatic nerve. Finally, end-to-end coaptation was(More)
The normal intersurface forces between nanosized probe tips functionalized with COO(-)-terminated alkanethiol self-assembling monolayers and dense, polycrystalline silicon-substituted synthetic hydroxyapatite (SiHA) and phase pure hydroxyapatite (HA) were measured via a nanomechanical technique called chemically specific high-resolution force spectroscopy.(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated the antibiofilm effects of 2 endodontic sealers incorporated with quaternary ammonium polyethylenimine (QPEI) nanoparticles at a 2% concentration (w/w). METHODS The materials tested were AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS) in the commercial unmodified form or containing 2% QPEI. Antibiofilm assays were conducted by(More)