Maria Apostolaki

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Recent clinical evidence demonstrated the importance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the development of Crohn's disease. A mouse model for this pathology has previously been established by engineering defects in the translational control of TNF mRNA (Tnf(Delta)(ARE) mouse). Here, we show that development of intestinal pathology in this model depends on(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In the present work, we address the requirement for intestinal-specific homing molecules, the chemokine/chemokine receptor pair CCL25/CCR9 and beta7 integrin, in the pathogenesis of the CD8(+) T cell-dependent Tnf(DeltaARE) mouse model of Crohn's-like inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS We investigated by flow cytometry lymphocyte(More)
Atmospheric input was studied and found to be the major source of PAHs in the eastern Mediterranean open marine ecosystem. Dry and wet atmospheric deposition, air-sea exchange, and sediment trap fluxes of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the eastern Mediterranean basin were estimated from November 2000 to July 2002. Seven dry and four wet(More)
Τhe clinical significance of de novo post-transplant anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies (DSA) was evaluated using 4241 serum samples collected between 2000 and 2007 from 597 renal transplant recipients. Patients transplanted before December 1996 (n = 77) were included in the historic group and those transplanted thereafter (n = 520) were included in the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is key to the pathogenesis of various arthritic diseases and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Anti-TNF therapies have proved successful in the clinical treatment of these diseases, but a mechanistic understanding of TNF function is still lacking. We have investigated early cellular mechanisms of TNF function in these diseases(More)
The analysis of amino acids by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after their derivatization with N-(t-butyldimethylsilyl)-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide was investigated as an alternative approach for the determination of free (FAA) and combined amino acids (CAA) in aerosols. This technique showed excellent linearity with r(2) values ranging from(More)
As the most successful cryptocurrency to date, Bitcoin constitutes a target of choice for attackers. While many attack vectors have already been uncovered, one important vector has been left out though: attacking the currency via the Internet routing infrastructure itself. Indeed, by manipulating routing advertisements (BGP hijacks) or by naturally(More)
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are activated primarily in response to inflammatory cytokines and cellular stress, and inhibitors which target the p38alpha and p38beta MAPKs have shown potential for the treatment of inflammatory disease. Here we report the generation and initial characterization of a knockout of the p38beta (MAPK11) gene.(More)
The TNF/TNF receptor (TNFR) system has a prominent role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Extensive research in animal models with deregulated TNF expression has documented that TNF may initiate or sustain inflammatory pathology, while at the same time may exert immunomodulatory or disease-suppressive activities. The(More)
TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) family, is considered a key intermediate in a multitude of innate immune signaling pathways. Yet, the specific role of TAK1 in the myeloid compartment during inflammatory challenges has not been revealed. To address this question, we generated(More)