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Cell-cycle-related proteins, such as cyclins or cyclin-dependent kinases, are re-expressed in neurons committed to death in response to a variety of insults, including excitotoxins, hypoxia and ischemia, loss of trophic support, or beta-amyloid peptide. In some of these conditions events that are typical of the mid-G1 phase, such as cyclin-dependent kinase(More)
Aggregates of beta-amyloid peptide (betaAP), the main constituent of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's brain, kill neurons by a not yet defined mechanism, leading to apoptotic death. Here, we report that both full-length betaAP((1-40)) or ((1-42)) and its active fragment betaAP((25-35)) act as proliferative signals for differentiated cortical neurons, driving(More)
To investigate possible effects that may contribute, together with a direct action on neurohormone secretion, to the impairment of gonadal axis function during inflammation, we evaluated the effect of TNF alpha on the growth and viability of GT1-7 hypothalamic neurons and the intracellular transduction pathways involved in these effects. TNF alpha caused a(More)
Preexposure of cultured cerebellar neurons to glutamate reduced the stimulation of polyphosphoinositide (PPI) hydrolysis induced by subsequent addition of glutamate without affecting the response to the muscarinic receptor agonist carbamylcholine. Desensitization of glutamate-stimulated PPI hydrolysis developed rapidly and persisted up to 48 h after removal(More)
We investigated the expression and coupling to the phospholipase C signal transduction pathway of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes by Western blot analysis and agonist-stimulated inositol monophosphate formation in several brain regions of postnatal day 9 (P9) and adult rats. In the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, corpus striatum, olfactory(More)
Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is associated with multiple neurobehavioral disturbances. The sites of action and the neurobiological sequels of AAS abuse are unclear at present. We investigated whether two different AASs, nandrolone and methandrostenolone, could affect neuronal survival in culture. The endogenous androgenic steroid testosterone was(More)
Estrogen is known to affect different aspects of β-amyloid (Aβ) synthesis and degradation. The present work was undertaken to evaluate specifically whether matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) -2 and -9 are involved in Aβ degradation induced by estrogen and whether this is relevant to estrogen-induced neuroprotection. In SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, 10 nM(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and is of rapidly increasing health, social and economic impact. Recent evidence suggests a strict link between metabolic disorders and AD. In the last decade much attention has focused specifically on the connection between dysfunction of lipid metabolism and AD. Here we discuss aspects of lipid(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects more than 37 million people worldwide. Current drugs for AD are only symptomatic, but do not interfere with the underlying pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. AD is characterized by the presence of ß-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss. The identification of(More)