Maria Andrikoula

Learn More
Human survival has relied upon the ability to withstand starvation through energy storage, the capacity to fight off infection by a proinflammatory immune response, and the ability to cope with physical stressors by an adaptive stress response. Energy storage, mainly as glycogen in liver and triglycerides in adipose tissue, is regulated by the anabolic(More)
Hot flush is one of the most commonly reported symptoms during menopause; however, it is not experienced by all menopausal women, for reasons that remain unclear. In this review, we present current evidence that link hot flushes with cardiovascular disease, suggesting that the persistence of hot flushes many years after the menopause may represent a marker(More)
OBJECTIVE The main cause of death in patients with parathyroid carcinoma is parathyroid hormone (PTH)-induced hypercalcemia. To date, the management of hypercalcemia has been based on the use of bisphosphonates and calcimimetic agents. In recent reports, the use of denosumab has shown encouraging results in cases of refractory hypercalcemia of malignancy.(More)
LDL has been widely recognized as the major atherogenic lipoprotein and designated as the primary target for prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD); however, there is growing evidence that other triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, such as very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) carry atherogenic potential as well. This(More)
Recent evidence has emphasized the importance of apoptosis in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the pathogenesis of malignant and immune diseases. Autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease, as well as other autoimmune endocrine diseases, have been associated with dysregulation of apoptotic signaling pathways. In(More)
Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)-based cytology is an accurate preoperative diagnostic method for the evaluation of thyroid nodules. Despite its high specificity and sensitivity, the results are non-diagnostic in a significant number of cases, commonly due to inadequacy of the samples or the presence of undetermined cellular morphology. Overlap-ping(More)
Vasomotor symptoms are generally recognized as one of the most common symptoms, or signs, of the menopause, together with menstrual cycle changes. The etiology of hot flushes is unknown, although several mechanisms have been implicated. The reduction in hot flushes with estrogen replacement therapy suggests a hormonal etiology. However, the levels of(More)
Hypolipidaemias can be either primary due to several genetic defects altering the serum concentration of lipoproteins, or secondary resulting from various disorders such as liver disease, malabsorption, malnutrition, malignancy, hyperthyroidism and immunoglobulin disorders. We present a review of the current knowledge regarding the various causes of(More)