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BACKGROUND Ingestion of raw or undercooked fish can lead to infection of human subjects by the fish parasite Anisakis simplex, a disease known as anisakiasis or anisakidosis. Patients sensitized to this fish parasite show high levels of total and specific IgE. Cross-reactions seem to explain the fact that specific IgE antibodies are also found in a high(More)
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the potential of chitosan nanoparticles as carriers for the anthracycline drug, doxorubicin (DOX). The challenge was to entrap a cationic, hydrophilic molecule into nanoparticles formed by ionic gelation of the positively charged polysaccharide chitosan. To achieve this objective, we attempted to mask the positive(More)
PURPOSE Gene therapy offers a promising alternative for the treatment of ocular diseases. However, the implementation of this type of therapy is actually hampered by the lack of an efficient ocular gene delivery carrier. The main objective of the present work was to assess the effectiveness and investigate the mechanism of action of a new type of(More)
Purpose. The interaction of nanoparticles (NP), consisting of hydrophobic polystyrene, bioadhesive chitosan, and stealth PLA-PEG with two human intestinal cell lines, the enterocyte-like Caco-2 and mucus-secreting MTX-E12, was investigated and compared to the in vivo NP uptake in rats. Methods. The extent and mechanism of cellular association of different(More)
Mucosal delivery of complex molecules such as peptides, proteins, oligonucleotides, and plasmids is one of the most intensively studied subjects. The use of colloidal carriers made of hydrophilic polysaccharides, i.e. chitosan, has arisen as a promising alternative for improving the transport of such macromolecules across biological surfaces. This article(More)
Purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the components of novel chitosan (CS) and CS/ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymer (PEO-PPO) nanoparticles and to evaluate their potential for the association and controlled release of proteins and vaccines. Methods. The presence of PEO-PPO on the surface of the nanoparticles(More)
Present limitations in the management of extraocular diseases include the inability to provide long-term extraocular drug delivery without compromising intraocular structures and/or systemic drug exposure. In the present study, the potential of chitosan (CS) nanoparticles as a new vehicle for the improvement of the delivery of drugs to the ocular mucosa was(More)
Increased cardiovascular risk after mercury exposure has been described, but the underlying mechanisms are not well explored. We analyzed the effects of chronic exposure to low mercury concentrations on endothelium-dependent responses in aorta and mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA). Wistar rats were treated with mercury chloride (1st dose 4.6 microg/kg,(More)
The purpose of the present work was to produce and characterize poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA-PEG) nanoparticles (size lower than 300 nm) containing a high loading of plasmid DNA in a free form or co-encapsulated with either poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) or poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP). The plasmid alone or with PVA or PVP was encapsulated by two(More)
The aim of the present work was to develop a new nanoparticulate system, consisting of lipid nanoparticles coated with chitosan (CS), intended for the oral administration of peptide drugs. These new nanoparticles were studied, and compared with the previously developed PEG-coated lipid nanoparticles, with regard to their ability to incorporate and deliver(More)